Week 2: Humanistic/Existential Theories

Table of Contents

Humanistic/Existential Theories


Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper
Humanistic/Existential Theories

Consider your thoughts about the following statements:

·         People are generally good, trustworthy, productive, and able to make positive changes.

·         The responsibility for change and growth lies with the client.

·         We should focus on the “here and now,” not so much on the “then and there.”

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

These statements reflect humanistic and existential theories developed by theorists such as Carl Rogers, Rollo May, Victor Frankl, and Fritz Perlz. This week, you explore the key components of humanistic and existential theories. You are also introduced to Deidre, a client depicted in media throughout several weeks of this course. Each week that Deidre’s case is presented, you will use theories to propose effective interventions that could help her to reach her goals.

Humanistic/Existential Theories


Students will: Apply humanistic/existential interventions

·         Evaluate humanistic/existential theories

·         Apply concepts related to humanistic/existential theories

Please proceed to the Resources.

Week 2 Discussion

Applying Humanistic and Existential Theories

A common element of this week’s theories is the focus on client emotion. The central tenet of these theories is that clients are at the center of the counseling process. When counselors use these approaches, they ask clients to not only assess their emotions, but also how they perceive these emotions to influence their lives.

During this process, counselors who often use humanistic and existential approaches partner alongside the client as a nonjudgmental ally, prompting the clients to reconnect with themselves and increase their own self-awareness. Theorists in these paradigms believe that it is not the interpretation of the counselor that helps clients, but rather the interpretation of the clients themselves. In fact, prominent humanistic and existential theorists cast aside the dominant, all-knowing presence of the counselor illustrated by some behavioral and psychoanalytic approaches.

Humanistic/Existential Theories

In this Discussion, you consider how each of this week’s theories, existential, person-centered, and Gestalt, provides a different counseling approach. You also reflect upon how theoretical approaches influence the interventions that you might employ with your case study client, Deidre. Before watching the Deidre media, review this week’s Learning Resources to review how the Capuzzi and Gross text used each theoretical approach with the client in “The Case of Maria.”

Posting Directions: In the subject line of your post, use the following title format: “Title of Discussion: The theory you selected for this Discussion.” Your initial post must be at least 200 words in length.

Post by Day 3 a brief description of the humanistic or existential theory you selected. Then, based on this theoretical approach, describe two interventions you could employ with Deidre and explain why. Finally, explain how each of these interventions would help Deidre move toward her goals.

DUE BY 12/9/15 @ 5PM Eastern Standard Time

 Week 2 Learning Resources

This page contains the Learning Resources for this week. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of this week’s assigned Learning Resources.

Required Resources


Humanistic/Existential Theories

·    Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D. R. (Ed.). (2011). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (5th ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

o    Chapter 6, “Existential Theory” (pp. 119–142)

o    Chapter 7, “Person-Centered Theory” (pp. 143–166)

o    Chapter 8, “Gestalt Theory” (pp. 167–191)


·         Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Deidre [Multimedia]. Baltimore, MD: Author. 

Note: Please click on the following link for the transcript: Transcript (PDF)

Optional Resources

·         Association for the Advancement of Gestalt Therapy. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.aagt.org/

·         Association for the Development of the Person Centered Approach. (2011).  Retrieved fromhttp://www.adpca.org/ 

·         Association for Humanistic Psychology. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.ahpweb.org/

·         Existential-Humanistic Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ehinstitute.org/

·         World Association for Person Centered and Experiential Psychotherapy and Counseling. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.pce-world.org/

Please proceed to the Discussion.Return to top



1.      In order to be genuine, counselors:

[removed]a.Have to practice using a “poker face”
[removed]b.Have to know themselves
[removed]c.Must use reflections of feeling
[removed]d.Should avoid analysis of transference

2 points   


1.       Heidegger’s notions of choice, that each choice one makes represents the loss of an alternative, includes all of the following except:

[removed]a.The past becomes important in terms of lost opportunities.
[removed]b.Future choices are limited due to past choices and the time remaining to fulfill them.
[removed]c.We have the freedom to choose but must balance this with responsibility.
[removed]d.Some choices are irrational and we need to train ourselves not to make them with rewards and punishments.

2 points   


1.      Consider a client who feels that he is unlikable by others in his life. When the counseling discussion turns to how likeable the client is to the counselor or therapist, this is an example of:

[removed]a.Distracting the client
[removed]b.Empathic understanding

2 points   


1.       The three people credited for the development of Gestalt therapy are:

[removed]a.Perls, Burber, and Nitche
[removed]b.Perls, Perls, and Goodman
[removed]c.Rogers, Glassman, and Goodman
[removed]d.Perls, Kohler, and Koffka

2 points   


1.      As a person becomes more congruent, which of the following changes is most likely to be seen?

[removed]a.Elimination of negative thoughts
[removed]b.Eradication of problem behaviors
[removed]c.Greater self-empowerment
[removed]d.Success in a failing relationship

2 points   


1.       All of the following are existential philosophers except:


2 points   


1.      Accurate _______ means that the counselor is able to both understand the client’s words, feelings, and perceptions of the world and communicate that understanding successfully.

[removed]c.unconditional positive regard

2 points   


1.       In existential counseling, the client is

[removed]a.An existential partner with the counselor
[removed]b.A student learning from a teacher
[removed]c.Analyzed by the counselor
[removed]d.None of the above

2 points   


1.       Which of the following is descriptive of what “closure” means in existential counseling?

[removed]a.Facing the end of the helping relationship is the final confrontation with reality. 
[removed]b.It means stopping therapy at the end of the semester at a counseling center. 
[removed]c.It is when counselors close out all of their files. 
[removed]d.It is a relatively unimportant part of counseling. 

2 points   


1.      According to person-centered theory, for someone to be continuously believed and trusted by a client they must:

[removed]a.years of professional experience
[removed]b.be genuine
[removed]c.know the right questions to ask
[removed]d.not make mistakes

2 points   


1.      A criticism of person-centered counseling or therapy is:

[removed]a.Its deterministic stance
[removed]b.Rigid steps in the counseling or therapy process
[removed]c.Too few specifics regarding actions for the new counselor or therapist
[removed]d.Overly confrontational

2 points   


1.      Perls:

[removed]a.Had a passionate belief in the holistic nature of humankind
[removed]b.Believed that human beings had the capacity and strength to grow, develop, and to become the persons that they desired
[removed]c.Asked clients to focus on why they behaved in certain ways
[removed]d.Both “a” and “b” above

2 points   


1.      The word Gestalt is a German term that means:

[removed]a.Counselor/client working alliance
[removed]b.Existential anxiety
[removed]c.The integration of parts into a perceptual whole
[removed]d.The phenomenological field

2 points   


1.      Active listening includes which of the following?

[removed]a.Making good eye contact
[removed]b.Leaning toward the client
[removed]c.Facing the client
[removed]d.All of the above

2 points   


1.      The study of human experience through attending to the subjective observations of individuals is:

[removed]b.Empty chair
[removed]c.Boundary disturbance

2 points   


1.      The most important factor in the therapeutic alliance is the:

[removed]a.Quality and nature of the relationship between counselor or therapist and client
[removed]b.Counselor’s or therapist’s skills
[removed]c.Client’s willingness to work hard
[removed]d.Depth of the problems being experienced

2 points   


1.       A phenomenological perspective:

[removed]a.Describes the concept that all persons view the world in a similar manner
[removed]b.Describes the concept that all persons have a unique perspective
[removed]c.Describes the concept of the “I-Thou” relationship
[removed]d.None of the above

2 points   


1.       Which of the following is not one of the three approaches to existential counseling?

[removed]a.Dynamic existentialism 
[removed]b.Humanistic existentialism 
[removed]c.Cognitive/behavioral existentialism 
[removed]d.Transpersonal existentialism 

2 points   


1.       Which of the following is not a goal of existential counseling:

[removed]a.Confronting anxieties about the givens of existence
[removed]b.Developing meaning from everyday life
[removed]c.Confronting irrational thoughts that lead to difficult emotions
[removed]d.Developing inner strength

2 points   


1.      One of the views that Gestalt theory holds regarding the individual is that he or she is:

[removed]a.Fully responsible for his/her behavior
[removed]b.Shaped by forces in the environment
[removed]c.Motivated by unconscious drives
[removed]d.Not able to become aware of himself or herself in the here and now

2 points   


1.      The founder of person-centered counseling is:

[removed]a.Carl Rogers
[removed]b.Victor Frankl
[removed]c.Fritz Perls
[removed]d.Rollo May

2 points   


1.       Which of the following are major constructs of existentialism?

[removed]d.All of the above

2 points   


1.      Which statement is most descriptive of Buber’s “I-Thou ” relationship?

[removed]a.People speak about others, but seldom to them.
[removed]b.This relationship embodies a holy respect for the other person.
[removed]c.This relationship has little meaning, because there is little sense of self.
[removed]d.It shows a relationship that is condescending and not respectful.

2 points   


1.      Awareness is the key to Gestalt therapy. Through awareness, the organism/person naturally proceeds toward:

[removed]c.Differentiated unity
[removed]d.All of the above

2 points   


1.      Change during Gestalt counseling and psychotherapy comes about as clients become more aware of themselves through:

[removed]a.Using a continuum of awareness focused on how, what, and where
[removed]b.Using questions rather than statements
[removed]c.Using the third-person pronoun “they”
[removed]d.Addressing others indirectly

2 points   

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Scholary Essays
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Always excellent service, appreciate all the hard work
Customer 452995, January 20th, 2022
The second attempt was an unplagiarized paper. Thank you
Customer 452545, September 25th, 2020
Great paper thank you so much
Customer 452667, March 19th, 2021
Thank you, the journal wa submitted today and I hope to continue receiving services.
Customer 452919, October 28th, 2021
English 101
well written excellent job, thank you!!
Customer 452989, December 2nd, 2021
WRTG 393 6360 Advanced Technical Writing (2222)WRTG-393
Patience and truly superb service considering all the information was not uploaded.
Customer 452995, February 4th, 2022
Fabulous fast service
Customer 453075, April 21st, 2022
Thank you very much! I will be using your service again soon.
Customer 452665, March 18th, 2021
Very good service
Customer 453075, April 27th, 2022
Best Serivces
Customer 452995, January 24th, 2022
Paper was received before time which I was quite please with.
Customer 453101, June 18th, 2022
I enjoyed the writer's work. Please send the writer's ID. The paper was available ahead of the due date and numbered each question to ensure mee that it was covered. AWESOME WORK!
Customer 452919, April 20th, 2022
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code ESSAYHELP