special occasion speech outline.
the subject will be a memorial speech of ( coming to USA ). Creat a story about that.
in the attechment you will find :
– Outline Examples and who it will be graded
B. Tie to the audience
C. Your credentials
D. Thesis/main topic
E. Preview of points
1. Point 1
2. Point 2
3. Point 3
II. Body – Point 1
A. Transitional word or phrase with a topic sentence for point 1
Body – Point 2
E. Transitional word or phrase with a topic sentence for point 2
Body – Point 3
I. Transitional word or phrase with a topic sentence for point 3
A. Transitional word or phrase leading into the conclusion
B. Restate your preview of points
C. Restate your thesis
D. Link back to your audience
E. Link back to your credentials
F. End with impact
APA references listed alphabetically with hanging indentions
General Purpose: To Commemorate
Specific Purpose: To acknowledge various aspects of diversity.
Thesis Statement: Diversity sparks interest, promotes respect and may lead to unwanted conflict which can be resolved through tolerance and understanding.
I. Attention Material
A. “We all should know that diversity makes for a rich tapestry, and we must understand that all the threads are equal in value no matter what their color.” These words are by Maya Angelou accessed from thinkexist.com.
II. Orienting Material
A. Tie to the audience: Isn’t it ironic? Something we all have in common is diversity.
B. Credibility: Merriamwebster.com defines diversity in this way: “the condition or instance of having or being composed of different elements or qualities.”
C.Thesis statement/preview: Diversity sparks interest, promotes respect, and may also lead to conflict which can be resolved through tolerance, understanding and communication.
Transition: Living in times of freedom and expressiveness, it is easy to find interest around every corner. Diversity fulfills this for the curious mind.
I. Diversity sparks interest.
A. Diversity may influence personal principles.
1. Once you learn more about a culture, religion, or society, your values may be altered.
2. Morals and beliefs vary all over the world. Ina psychology class that I took previously, I was informed that society can be distributed into two main types of lifestyles: individualistic and collectivist.
a. The typical western individualist is a “self-made man” and will be applauded for his or her personal success and be valued for the individual’s attempt at reaching a personal goal.
b. However, the typical eastern collectivist would rather help others help him or herself. Culture has taught this person to lower his or herself and raise up others to work for the good of society over oneself.
c. Ins’t it interesting how the two hemispheres of the earth can have completely different views on how to live a “good” life? And neither of these beliefs can be described as completely “right” or completely “wrong.”
B. Interest broadens horizons.
1. Learning about other cultures, societies, beliefs or even languages will increase your understanding of not only that place or person, but also yourself and the idea of diversity.
II. Diversity promotes respect.
A. Diversity can provide enlightening experiences.
1. Knowledge gained is respect gained.
a. Educating yourself on diversity and being open-minded can give you a whole new view of the people around you.
b Respect is an important value in all cultures in some way. this saying suits all cultures and ties us all together. Respect each other.
B. Diversity teaches empathy.
1. Empathy is the ability to put yourself in another person’s position.
2. Empathy is vital in order to respect differences.
3. It can be difficult to understand another person’s perspective or beliefs, but empathy is promoted in this way which leads to lasting respect and friendships.
Transition: On the opposite spectrum, diversity can also lead to conflict.
III. Diversity paves the way for conflict.
A. Differences lead to disagreements and barriers.
1. Arguments may end in dissolved friendships, hurt feelings or even war.
B. However, disambiguation of this diverse nature can lead to a solution of this conflict. Communication is imperative in solving disagreements.
1. Tolerance of another’s morals or cultures can settle disturbed waters, whether it be with a friend in a swimming pool or another nation at sea.
2. Communication establishes empathy, respect, and tolerance between mutual parties which can be foundational to dissolving disputes.
Transition: Diversity is definitely something to be thankful for.
A. Diversity flavors our world, and these spicy, sweet, sour, salty and even bitter flavors come together to promote interest, respect, conflict, and resolution.
B. I thank diversity for who I am, and I thank diversity for who each of your have become.
A. I’ll leave you with these words from Robert Schuller quoted from thinkesist.com, “As we grow as unique persons, we learn to respect the uniqueness of others.”
Thinkexist.com (1999). Retrieved from http://www.thinkexist.com
Webster, M. (2011). Diversity. Marriam-webster. Retrieved June 10, 2011, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/diversity
Checklist for a Full-Sentence Outline
· The outline begins with a title.
· The specific purpose is clearly stated in one complete sentence.
· The central idea (thesis statement) is clear and concise and no more than one sentence.
· The Introduction, body and conclusion are clearly labeled.
· Roman number 1 clearly establishes a general idea about the speech and supports the central idea.
· The main points focus on the most important ideas of my topic.
· Each main point contains one distinct idea.
· Each main point is stated in one complete sentence.
· Each main point is supported by support material (facts, statistics, examples etc.) which are listed as subpoints.
· Each subpoint refers specifically to the main point it supports.
· The subpoints are more specific than the main point it follows.
· The conclusion contains a review that reinforces the central idea.
· Each part of the outline is in FULL SENTENCE FORM.
· The outline includes in text citation.
· For all outside sources used, references are listed alphabetically in APA 6th edition format.
Taken in part from Osborn & Osborn, (1997). Public Speaking. (4th edition). Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin, Co.
Name of Student
Title of Speech: Outlining Your Speech
General Purpose: The broad objective, To Inform
Specific Purpose: The precise goal that a speaker wants to achieve. To inform my audience on how to create a proper outline for future speeches.
Central Idea/Thesis Statement: The key concept of your speech. Outlining your speech correctly is essential to having a cohesive, organized speech and will result in you getting a good grade on your outline and speech.
I. Attention Material
A. Do you know what an attention-getter is? This is the first part of your introduction and is designed to capture audience interest.
1. Ask a question
2. Shock, surprise or intrigue your listeners
3. Cite a Quotation
4. Arouse Curiosity
5. Provide a Visual Aid
6. Give an incentive to listen
II. Orienting Material – gives listeners the information they need to fully understand and believe the rest of the speech.
A. Tie to the Audience. Your grade will suffer if your outline is incorrect.
B. Establish credibility. As your instructor, I want to ensure everyone understands what I expect for an outline on future assignments.
C. Central idea/thesis statement. Outlining your speech correctly is essential to having a cohesive, organized speech and will result in you getting a good grade on your outline and speech.
D. Preview the body (main points) of the speech. First, I am going to tell you how to label sections of your outline. Next, I will tell you what the content of your outline should include. Finally, I will give some tips on how to further organize your speech ideas.
(Transition: Let’s now focus our attention on labeling the sections of your outline.)
I. Main Point 1: Proper labeling will aid you in gaining full points for your full sentence outline.
A. You should label your introduction, body and conclusion.
1. Labeling the introduction of your document should include the attention material and orienting material.
2. Labeling the body of your document should include labeling your main points.
3. Labeling the conclusion of your outline includes the summary and clincher.
B. Next, you should label your transitions.
1. According to your textbook, The Essential Elements of Public Speaking , transitions should be in three crucial places.
a. Between the introduction and body
b. Between the main points in the body
c. Between the body and conclusion
C. Proper labeling and format guarantees your instructor’s ability to distinguish between the ideas and sections of your outline.
(Transition: Now I have informed you on how to label your outline, I will tell you what the content of your outline should include).
II. Main Point 2: The content of your outline should parallel very closely to your speech.
A. You should outline your introduction, body and conclusion.
1. As a reminder, a complete-sentence outline is a systematic arrangement of ideas, using complete sentences for headings and subheadings.
B. You should have 2-4 assertions (main ideas) with support material for each main idea (Your Instructor Knows Best).
1. Support materials are elements that illustrate or substantiate a point.
a. They explain, illustrate, or reinforce your message.
b. Some examples include: definition, vivid image, example, narrative, comparison and contrast, analogy, testimony and statistics.
2. Support material also helps you establish credibility.
a. Credibility is the audience’s perception of a speaker as believable and competent.
b. You must give credit to the sources of your information in your speech and outline (This helps your instructor when looking for your sources during your speech).
3. If you don’t develop each of you main ideas in full sentence form, your grade will suffer.
C. Your outline should also include your transitions, references and a works cited page.
1. If you use visual aids, include a brief description at the end of the outline.
(Transition: Since I have told you what your outline should include, now I am going to give you some tips on how to better organize your outline.)
III. Main Point 3: The better organized you are in developing and presenting your speech ideas, the more effective your message will be.
A. Organization increases the probability that listeners will pay attention and remember your message.
1. Public Speaking instructor, Megan S. Sparks states, “Following this example outline will not only be helpful for you as the speaker but it will also benefit your listeners.”
B. Characteristics of good speech organization are: clarity and simplicity.
1. The language should be basic and easy to understand.
2. Using jargon can confuse your audience, thus limiting your effectiveness.
3. If it is necessary for some reason, you can define terms important to the concept of the speech.
C. Develop ideas in a reasonable and logical way.
1. You should have 2-4 main points.
2. There is only one main idea for each main point and the supporting ideas contribute clearly to that single point.
3. Supporting the ideas should give listeners reasons to accept the major point and should always answer the question, “Why?”
a. You should have at least two supporting points for each main point.
(Transition: I’d like to review.)
A. Signal of end: In conclusion, today I have informed you on how to effectively outline a speech in this class.
B. Summarize main points. I have shared with you how to label your outline properly, what should be included in the content of the outline and gave some tips on how to organize your speech for effectiveness.
II. Clincher/Tie to audience- final thought that drives home the central idea.
A. Use this template on current and future speeches to assist in quality and effective speaking. Don’t discount the importance of organization and clarity in public speaking. I hope you have paid attention to your lectures and this outline because this will help you get a good grade on your next speech!
Reference Page: Everyone should properly cite sources. I gave you a hand out on APA style. Your book also includes examples of APA style in your book on pages 121-122.
Visual Aids: If you use visual aids, you should briefly describe them in your outline.
NOTE: OUTLINES ARE DUE ON THE DAY OF YOUR SPEECH. THEY MUST BE TYPED. IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO HAVE YOUR OUTLINE PREPARED ON THE DAY OF YOUR ASSIGNED SPEAKING DATE. NO EXCUSES. NO LATE OUTLINES. THERE ARE FOUR COMPUTER LABS IN UCOM FOR YOUR CONVENIECE (YOUR FEES PAY FOR THIS ACCESS.)
*** ALSO PROOFREAD YOUR OUTLINES RUTHLESSLY