Perfect Essay Questions Of Human Resource Management 2

Table of Contents

Essay Questions

Chapter 3 end essay question:

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper
Essay Questions

Note: the submission should be typed and each response should not be longer than one typed page

1.     Martha’s boss, Bill, constantly uses sexually explicitly language while communicating with his female subordinates. Though many female employees were bothered with this behavior, no one ever complained for fear of negative repercussions. However, Martha files a complaint against Bill with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Will this be considered as discriminatory behavior? Why or why not? Explain the prohibitions under Title VII for related behavior with examples.

Plz answer the question based on Chapter 3.

Fundamentals of Human Resource

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

Sixth Edition

Noe | Hollenbeck | Gerhart | Wright



More than 60% of all students agreed LearnSmart was a very or extremely helpful learning tool *Based on 750,000 student survey responses

Over 20% more students pass the class with LearnSmart *A&P Research Study

Without LearnSmart



A 30.5%

A 19.3%

B 38.6%

C 28.0%

D 9.6%

B 33.5%

C 22.6%

D 8.7%

Without LearnSmart Pass Rate – 57%

Pass Rate – 70%


Jan – Dec 2011 Jan – Mar 2012

– Extremely

– Very

– Moderately

– Slightly

– Not at all Jan–Dec 2011 Jan–Mar 2012

100% –

80% –

60% –

40% –

20% –

0 –

More C students

earn B’s *Study: 690 students / 6 institutions

How do you rank against your peers?

Let’s see how confident you are on the questions.



Bound Book

Access Code

Access Code

eBook Save some green and some trees!

Check with your instructor about a custom option for your course.

The smartest way to get from a B to an A.

The first and only book that adapts to you!

The #1 Student Choice!

Pop the pages into your own binder or carry just the pages you need.


Essay Questions

LearnSmart, assignments, and SmartBook—all in one digital product for maximum savings!

> Buy directly from the source at

What you know (green) and what you still need to review (yellow), based on your answers.

fundamentals of Human Resource Management

fundamentals of Human Resource Management


Raymond A. Noe The Ohio State University

John R. Hollenbeck Michigan State University

Barry Gerhart University of Wisconsin–Madison

Patrick M. Wright University of South Carolina


Published by McGraw-Hill Education, 2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121. Copyright © 2016 by McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Previous editions © 2014, 2011, and 2009. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education, including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning.

Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States.

This book is printed on acid-free paper.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOW/DOW 1 0 9 8 7 6 5

ISBN 978-0-07-771836-7 MHID 0-07-771836-4

Senior Vice President, Products & Markets: Kurt L. Strand Vice President, General Manager, Products & Markets: Michael Ryan Vice President, Content Design & Delivery: Kimberly Meriwether David Brand Manager: Anke Weeks Product Developer: Jane Beck Marketing Manager: Michael Gedatus Director of Development: Ann Torbert Director, Content Design & Delivery: Terri Schiesl Executive Program Manager: Faye M. Herrig Content Project Managers: Jessica Portz, Danielle Clement, Judi David Buyer: Debra R. Sylvester Design: Studio Montage, St. Louis, MO Content Licensing Specialists: Keri Johnson, Ann Marie Jannette Cover Image: Dimitri Otis/Getty Images Compositor: MPS Limited Typeface: 10/12 Janson Text Lt Std Printer: R. R. Donnelley

All credits appearing on page or at the end of the book are considered to be an extension of the copyright page.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Noe, Raymond A. Fundamentals of human resource management / Raymond A. Noe, John R. Hollenbeck, Barry Gerhart, Patrick M. Wright.—Sixth edition. pages cm ISBN 978-0-07-771836-7 (alk. paper) 1. Personnel management. I. Title. HF5549.F86 2016 658.3–dc23 2014041580

The Internet addresses listed in the text were accurate at the time of publication. The inclusion of a website does not indicate an endorsement by the authors or McGraw-Hill Education, and McGraw- Hill Education does not guarantee the accuracy of the information presented at these sites.

In tribute to the lives of Raymond and Mildred Noe —R.A.N.

To my parents, Harold and Elizabeth, my wife, Patty, and my children, Jennifer, Marie, Timothy, and Jeffrey —J.R.H.

To my parents, Robert and Shirley, my wife, Heather, and my children, Chris and Annie —B.G.

To my parents, Patricia and Paul, my wife, Mary, and my sons, Michael and Matthew —P.M.W.


John R. Hollenbeck holds the positions of University Distinguished Professor at Michigan State University and Eli Broad Professor of Man- agement at the Eli Broad Graduate School of Busi- ness Administration. Dr. Hollenbeck received his PhD in Management from New York University in 1984. He served as the acting editor at Organiza- tional Behavior and Human Decision Processes in 1995, the associate editor of Decision Sciences from 1999 to 2004, and the editor of Personnel Psychology from 1996 to 2002. He has published over 90 articles and book chapters on the topics of team decision making and work motivation. According to the Institute for Scientific Information, this body of work has been cited over 3,000 times by other researchers. Dr. Hollenbeck has been awarded fellowship status in both the Academy of Management and the Ameri- can Psychological Association, and was recognized with the Career Achievement Award by the HR Division of the Academy of Management (2011) and the Early Career Award by the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (1992). At Michigan State, Dr. Hollenbeck has won several teaching awards including the Michigan State Distinguished Faculty Award, the Michigan State Teacher-Scholar Award, and the Broad MBA Most Outstanding Faculty Member.

Raymond A. Noe is the Robert and Anne Hoyt Designated Professor of Management at The Ohio State University. He was previously a profes- sor in the Department of Management at Michigan State University and the Industrial Relations Center of the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota. He received his BS in psychology from The Ohio State University and his MA and PhD in psychology from Michigan State University. Professor Noe conducts research and teaches undergraduate as well as MBA and PhD students in human resource management, managerial skills, quantitative methods, human resource information systems, training, employee development, and orga- nizational behavior. He has published articles in the Academy of Management Annals, Academy of Manage- ment Journal, Academy of Management Review, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Vocational Behavior, and Personnel Psychology. Professor Noe is currently on the editorial boards of several journals including Personnel Psychology, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Journal of Organizational Behavior. Professor Noe has received awards for his teaching and research excel- lence, including the Ernest J. McCormick Award for Distinguished Early Career Contribution from the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychol- ogy. He is also a fellow of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

About the Authors

About the Authors ix

Barry Gerhart is Professor of Management and Human Resources and the Bruce R. Ellig Distinguished Chair in Pay and Organizational Effectiveness, School of Business, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has also served as depart- ment chair or area coordinator at Cornell, Vander- bilt, and Wisconsin. His research interests include compensation, human resource strategy, interna- tional human resources, and employee retention. Professor Gerhart received his BS in psychol- ogy from Bowling Green State Univer sity and his PhD in industrial relations from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research has been pub- lished in a variety of outlets, includ ing the Academy of Management Annals, Academy of Management Jour- nal, Annual Review of Psy chology, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Journal of Applied Psychology, Man agement and Organization Review, and Personnel Psychology. He has co-authored two books in the area of compensation. He serves on the edi torial boards of journals such as the Academy of Management Journal, Industrial and Labor Rela- tions Review, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Journal of Applied Psychology, Jour nal of World Business, Management & Organization Review, and Personnel Psychology. Professor Ger hart is a past recipient of the Heneman Career Achievement Award, the Scholarly Achieve ment Award, and of the International Human Resource Management Scholarly Research Award, all from the Human Resources Divi sion, Academy of Management. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Management, the Amer- ican Psychological Association, and the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

Patrick M. Wright is the Thomas C. Vandiver Bicentennial Chair in the Darla Moore School of Business at the University of South Carolina. Prior to joining USC, he served on the faculties at Cornell University, Texas A&M University, and the Univer- sity of Notre Dame.

Professor Wright teaches, conducts research, and consults in the area of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM), particularly focusing on how firms use people as a source of competitive advantage and the changing nature of the Chief HR Officer role. For the past eight years he has been studying the CHRO role through a series of confidential interviews, public podcasts, small dis- cussion groups, and conducting the HR@Moore Survey of Chief HR Officers. In addition, he is the faculty leader for the Cornell ILR Executive Edu- cation/NAHR program, “The Chief HR Officer: Strategies for Success,” aimed at developing poten- tial succes sors to the CHRO role. He served as the lead edi tor on the recently released book, The Chief HR Officer: Defining the New Role of Human Resource Leaders, published by John Wiley and Sons.

He has published more than 60 research arti cles in journals as well as more than 20 chapters in books and edited volumes. He is the Incoming Editor at the Journal of Management. He has co edited a special issue of Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management titled “Strategic Human Resource Management in the 21st Cen tury” and guest edited a special issue of Human Resource Management Review titled “Research in Strategic HRM for the 21st Century.”

He has conducted programs and consulted for a number of large organizations, including Comcast, Royal Dutch Shell, Kennametal, Astra-Zeneca, BT, and BP. He currently serves as a mem ber on the Board of Directors for the National Academy of Human Resources (NAHR). He is a former board member of HRPS, SHRM Foun dation, and World at Work (formerly American Compensation Asso- ciation). In 2011, 2012, and 2013 he was named by HRM Magazine as one of the 20 “Most Influential Thought Leaders in HR.”


Managing human resources is a critical component of any company’s overall mis- sion to provide value to customers, shareholders, employees, and the community in which it does business. Value includes profits as well as employee growth and satisfac- tion, creation of new jobs, contributions to community programs, and protection of the environment. All aspects of human resource management, including acquiring, preparing, developing, and compensating employees, can help companies meet their daily challenges, create value, and provide competitive advantages in the global mar- ketplace. In addition, effective human resource management requires an awareness of broader contextual issues affecting business, such as the economy, legislation, and globalization.

Both the media and academic research show that effective HRM practices result in greater value for shareholders and employees. For example, the human resource practices at companies such as Google, SAS, The Boston Consulting Group, Edward Jones, and Quicken Loans helped them earn recognition on Fortune magazine’s recent list of “The Top 100 Companies to Work For.” This publicity creates a posi- tive vibe for these companies, helping them attract talented new employees, motivate and retain current employees, and make their products and services more desirable to consumers.

Our Approach: Engage, Focus, and Apply Following graduation, most students will find themselves working in businesses or not-for-profit organizations. Regardless of position or career aspirations, their role in directly managing other employees or understanding human resource management practices is critical for ensuring both company and personal success. As a result, Fun- damentals of Human Resource Management, Sixth Edition, focuses on human resource issues and how HR is used at work. Fundamentals is applicable to both HR majors and students from other majors or colleges who are taking an HR course as an elective or a requirement.

Our approach to teaching human resource management involves engaging students in learning through the use of real-world examples and best practices; focusing them on important HR issues and concepts; and applying what they have learned through chapter features and end-of-chapter exercises and cases. Students not only learn about best practices but are actively engaged through the use of cases and decision making. As a result, students will be able to take what they have learned in the course and apply it to solving HRM problems they will encounter on the job.

As described in the guided tour of the book that follows, each chapter includes sev- eral different pedagogical features. “Best Practices” provides examples of companies whose HR activities work well. “HR Oops!” highlights HRM issues that have been handled poorly. “Did You Know?” offers interesting statistics about chapter topics and


Preface xi

how they play out in real-world companies. “HRM Social” demonstrates how social media and the Internet can be useful in managing HR activities in any organization. “Thinking Ethically” confronts students with issues that occur in managing human resources. For this new edition, we have added questions to each of the features to assist students with critical thinking and to spark classroom discussions.

Fundamentals also assists students with learning “How to” perform HR activities, such as writing effective HR policies, being strategic about equal employment opportu- nities, and making the most of HR analytics. These are all work situations students are likely to encounter as part of their professional careers. The end-of-chapter cases focus on corporate sustainability (“Taking Responsibility”), managing the workforce (“Man- aging Talent”), and HR activities in small organizations (“HR in Small Business”).

Organization of the Sixth Edition Based on user and reviewer feedback, we have made several changes to the chapter organization for the Sixth Edition. The chapter on developing human resources now concludes Part 2, and the chapter on creating and maintaining high-performance organizations has been moved up to open Part 3. We believe these changes will help strengthen the discussion of key concepts.

Part 1 (Chapters 1–4) discusses the environmental forces that companies face in trying to manage human resources effectively. These forces include economic, tech- nological, and social trends; employment laws; and work design. Employers typically have more control over work design than trends and equal employment laws, but all of these factors influence how companies attract, retain, and motivate human resources. Chapter 1 discusses why HRM is a critical component to an organization’s overall suc- cess. The chapter introduces HRM practices and the roles and responsibilities of HR professionals and other managers in managing human resources.

Some of the major trends discussed in Chapter 2 include how workers continue to look for employment as the U.S. economy recovers from recession and how the recov- ery has motivated employees to look for new jobs and career opportunities. The chap- ter also highlights the greater availability of new and less expensive technologies for HRM, including social media and the Internet; the growth of HRM on a global scale as more U.S. companies expand beyond national borders; the types of skills needed for today’s jobs; and the importance of aligning HRM with a company’s overall strategy to gain competitive advantage. Chapter 3 provides an overview of the major laws affect- ing employees and the ways organizations can develop HR practices that comply with the laws. Chapter 4 highlights how jobs and work systems determine the knowledge, skills, and abilities that employees need to perform their jobs and influence employ- ees’ motivation, satisfaction, and safety at work. The chapter also discusses the process of analyzing and designing jobs.

Part 2 (Chapters 5–8) deals with acquiring, training, and developing human resources. Chapter 5 discusses how to develop a human resources plan. It empha- sizes the strengths and weaknesses of different options for dealing with shortages and excesses of human resources, including outsourcing, use of contract workers, and downsizing. Strategies for recruiting talented employees are highlighted, including use of electronic recruiting sources such as social media and online job sites.

Chapter 6 emphasizes that employee selection is a process that starts with screen- ing applications and résumés and concludes with a job offer. The chapter takes a look at the most widely used methods for minimizing mistakes in choosing employees, including employment tests and candidate interviews. Selection method standards,

xii Preface

such as reliability and validity, are discussed in understandable terms. Chapter 7 covers the features of effective training systems. Effective training includes not only creating a good learning environment but also hiring managers who encourage employees to use training content in their jobs and hiring employees who are motivated and ready to learn. Concluding Part 2, Chapter 8 demonstrates how assessment, job experiences, formal courses, and mentoring relationships can be used to develop employees for future success.

Part 3 (Chapters 9–11) focuses on assessing and improving performance. Chap- ter 9 sets the tone for this section of the book by discussing the important role of HRM in creating and maintaining an organization that achieves a high level of per- formance for employees, managers, customers, shareholders, and community. The chapter describes high-performance work systems and the conditions that contribute to high performance. Chapter 10 examines the strengths and weaknesses of different performance management systems. Chapter 11 discusses how to maximize employee engagement and productivity and retain valuable employees as well as how to fairly and humanely separate employees when the need arises because of poor performance or economic conditions.

Part 4 (Chapters 12–14) covers rewarding and compensating human resources, including how to design pay structures, recognize good performers, and provide ben- efits. Chapter 12 discusses how managers weigh the importance and costs of pay to develop a compensation structure and levels of pay for each job given the worth of the jobs, legal requirements, and employee judgments about the fairness of pay levels. Chapter 13 covers the advantages and disadvantages of different types of incentive pay, including merit pay, gainsharing, and stock ownership. Chapter 14 highlights the contents of employee benefits packages, the ways organizations administer benefits, and what companies can do to help employees understand the value of benefits and control benefits costs.

Part 5 (Chapters 15–16) covers other HR topics including collective bargaining and labor relations and managing human resources on a global basis. Chapter 15 explores HR activities as they pertain to employees who belong to unions or who are seeking to join unions. Traditional issues in labor–management relations such as union membership and contract negotiations are discussed. The chapter also highlights new approaches to labor relations, the growing role of employee empowerment, and the shrinking size of union membership.

Concluding Part 5, Chapter 16 focuses on HR activities in international settings, including planning, selecting, training, and compensating employees who work overseas. The chapter also explores how cultural differences among countries and workers affect decisions about human resources.

New Features and Content Changes In addition to all new or revised chapter pedagogy, the Sixth Edition of Fundamentals contains the following features:

• New Format for Chapter Summaries: To help students learn chapter content, the Chapter Summary has been revamped to highlight key points in a bulleted list format for each chapter learning objective.

• Review Questions Keyed to Learning Objectives: As a way of pinpointing key concepts, the chapter review questions now tie in to specific chapter learning objectives for quick student reference.

Preface xiii

• Key Terms in Discussion Order: To assist students in learning important chap- ter topics, key terms are now listed in discussion order rather than alphabetical order at the end of the chapter. The key terms and definitions are also listed in the end-of-book glossary for additional study.

• HR in Small Business: A case has been added to each chapter that highlights some of the HR challenges faced by small businesses.

The following content changes help students and instructors keep current on important HR trends and topics:

• Chapter 1 addresses the new chapter reorganization in Figure 1.1 and Table 1.3. It also discusses a recent trend in which some companies are doing away with sepa- rate HR departments, encouraging managers and other employees to handle HR issues as they arise. Table 1.2 has been updated to list the top qualities employers look for in potential employees. Figure 1.3 has been revised to reflect the compe- tencies and example behaviors defined by the Society of Human Resource Man- agement (SHRM). Figure 1.6 has been updated to reflect current median salaries for HRM positions.

• Chapter 2 provides updated workforce statistics, including projections for num- ber of workers over the next several years, as well as a discussion on various age and ethnic groups within the workforce. Chapter figures have been revised to reflect current labor force data. Other trends discussed include which occupa- tions are expected to gain the most jobs in the coming decade. A new section on the trends in cost control and the impact of the Affordable Care Act is touched on and revisited later in the benefits chapter (Chapter 14). New sections on declining union membership and reshoring of jobs back to the United States have been added.

• Chapter 3 has been updated to include a discussion on the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act and its impact on pay discrimination and employment law. Chapter figures have been updated to reflect current statistics on age discrimination, dis- ability complaints filed under ADA, types of charges filed with the EEOC, and rates of occupational injuries and illnesses. A section has been added about how to keep emergency response workers safe as they aid victims of disasters.

• Chapter 4 includes a new discussion on analyzing teamwork and an updated dis- cussion on the growing trend among companies to encourage telework arrange- ments with workers.

• Chapter 5’s discussion on downsizing, reducing hours, and outsourcing includes new company examples that help students understand how real-world companies deal with the ups and downs of everyday business and decisions relating to human resources.

• Chapter 6 has several topics that have been updated, including the importance of hiring workers who will fit in well with a company’s culture; how the legalization of marijuana may impact drug testing as part of the employee selection process; and how companies are changing their approach to subjectivity when it comes to interviewing job candidates.

• In the training chapter (Chapter 7), new examples explore how some compa- nies are thinking differently about training strategies, employing virtual reality, simulations, teamwork exercises, and social media for learning reinforcement and employee motivation.

xiv Preface

• Chapter 8 focuses on development and includes an updated section on the use of assessment tools, including the DiSC assessment tool.

• Chapter 9 provides an updated discussion of how HRM practices can contribute to high performance of any organization, including job design, recruitment and selec- tion, training, performance management, and compensation.

• Chapter 10 includes a new discussion on how managers should adjust their approach to performance feedback to the level of performance demonstrated by individual employees.

• Chapter 11 provides an expanded discussion on implementing strategies to ensure a company’s discipline system follows procedures consistent for all employees.

• Chapter 12’s discussion about earnings data for women, men, and minorities has been updated, as well as the discussion about HRM salaries in various parts of the country. The chapter also contains current statistics about CEO pay and compensation.

• Chapter 13 focuses on recognizing employee contributions with pay, including new real-world examples about how businesses are rethinking their approach to performance bonuses, tying them to company performance, and the increased use of retention bonuses for executives and other key employees as part of company mergers and acquisitions.

• Chapter 14 includes updated data on employee benefits as a percentage of total compensation, Social Security information, and taxes paid by employers and employees. The section on health care benefits, including updates about the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, has been revised to include current informa- tion and requirements.

• Chapter 15 has been updated with current trends and statistics in union member- ship. Content on work stoppages and lockouts has been added. New sections focus on increased cooperation between unions and management and highlight several nonunion representation systems currently being used by companies across the country.

• Concluding the Sixth Edition, Chapter 16 highlights trends in managing human resources globally, including the issue of labor relations in various countries, which may impact a company’s ability to be successful on foreign soil.

The author team believes that the focused, engaging, and applied approach of Funda- mentals distinguishes it from other books that have similar coverage of HR topics. The book has timely coverage of important HR issues, is easy to read, has many features that grab the students’ attention, and gets students actively involved in learning.

We would like to thank those of you who have adopted previous editions of Fun- damentals, and we hope that you will continue to use upcoming editions. For those of you considering Fundamentals for adoption, we believe that our approach makes Fundamentals your text of choice for human resource management.

Acknowledgments The Sixth Edition of Fundamentals of Human Resource Management would not have been possible without the staff of McGraw-Hill Education. Despite the uncertainty surrounding the reorganization at McGraw-Hill, Mike Ablassmeir and Anke Weekes, the editors who worked on this edition of Fundamentals, deserve kudos for their laser focus on ensuring

Preface xv

that we continue to improve the book based on the ideas of both adopters and students. Also, we appreciate that they gave us creative license to use new cases and examples in the chapter pedagogy and text to keep Fundamentals interesting and current. John Weimeister, our former editor, helped us develop the vision for the book and gave us the resources we needed to develop a top-of-the-line HRM teaching package. Jane Beck’s valuable insights and organizational skills kept the author team on deadline and made the book more visu- ally appealing than the authors could have ever done on their own. We would also like to thank Cate Rzasa who worked diligently to make sure that the book was interesting, practical, and readable and remained true to findings of human resource management research. We also thank Michael Gedatus for his marketing efforts for this new edition.

We would like to extend our sincere appreciation to all of the professors who gave of their time to offer their suggestions and insightful comments that helped us to develop and shape this new edition:

Glenda Barrett University of Maryland, University College

Marian Canada Ivy Tech Community College

Jeanie Douglas Columbia College

Joseph Eppolito Syracuse University

Betty Fair Georgia College and State University

Amy Falink University of Minnesota

Lisa Foeman University of Maryland, University College

Deborah Good University of Pittsburgh

Jonathon Halbesleben University of Alabama, Birmingham

Tanya Hubanks Chippewa Valley Technical College

Roy Johnson Iowa State University

Chris McChesney Indian River State College

Garry McDaniel Franklin University

Liliana Meneses University of Maryland, University College

Barbara Minsky Troy State University, Dothan

Richard Murdock Utah Valley University

Dan Nehring Morehead State University

James Phillips Northeastern State University

David Ripley University of Maryland, University College

Rudy Soliz Houston Community College

Gary Stroud Franklin University

Gary Thurgood Texas A&M University, College Station

Sheng Wang University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Donna Wyatt University of Maryland, University College

Joy Young University of South Carolina, Columbia

Our supplement authors deserve thanks for helping us create a first-rate teaching package. Joyce LeMay of Bethel University wrote the newly custom-designed Instruc- tor’s Manual and Dr. Connie Sitterly authored the new PowerPoint presentation.

xvi Preface

We would also like to thank the professors who gave of their time to review the previous editions through various stages of development.

Michelle Alarcon, Esq. Hawaii Pacific University

Dr. Minnette A. Bumpus University of the District of Columbia

Brennan Carr Long Beach City College/El Camino College

Tom Comstock Gannon University

Susie S. Cox McNeese State University

Juan J. DelaCruz Lehman College—CUNY

AnnMarie DiSienna Dominican College

Lorrie Ferraro Northeastern University

Carla Flores Ball State University

Linette P. Fox Johnson C. Smith University

Britt Hastey UCLA, Chapman University, and Los Angeles City College

Kim Hester Arkansas State University

Samira B. Hussein Johnson County Community College

Joseph V. Ippolito Brevard College

Adonis “Sporty” Jeralds The University of South Carolina–Columbia

Guy Lochiatto Mass Bay Community College

Liliana Meneses University of Maryland University College

Kelly Mollica The University of Memphis

Tami Moser Southern Oklahoma State University

Richard J. Wagner University of Wisconsin–Whitewater

Brandon L. Young Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Raymond A. Noe John R. Hollenbeck Barry Gerhart Patrick M. Wright


The sixth edition of Fundamentals of Human Resource Management continues to offer students a brief introduction to HRM that is rich with examples and engaging in its application.

Please take a moment to page through some of the highlights of this new edition.


Students who want to learn more about how human resource management is used in the everyday work environment will fi nd that the sixth edition is engaging, focused, and applied, giving them the HRM knowledge they need to succeed.


2 Trends in Human Resource Management What Do I Need to Know? After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

LO 2-1 Describe trends in the labor force composition and how they affect human resource management.

LO 2-2 Summarize areas in which human resource management can support the goal of creating a high-performance work system.

LO 2-3 Defi ne employee empowerment, and explain its role in the modern organization.

LO 2-4 Identify ways HR professionals can support organi- zational strategies for growth, quality, and effi ciency.

LO 2-5 Summarize ways in which human resource management can support organizations expanding internationally.

LO 2-6 Discuss how technological developments are affecting human resource management.

LO 2-7 Explain how the nature of the employment relationship is changing.

LO 2-8 Discuss how the need for fl exibility affects human resource management.

Introduction Business experts point out that if you want your company to gain an advan- tage over competitors, you have to do something differently. Some manag- ers are taking a hard look at human resources management, asking if it needs to be a department at all. At the consulting firm LRN Corporation, management decided to eliminate the human resources department. Their idea was that if all managers were responsible for managing talent, they would make those decisions in a way that directly served their group’s per- formance. Beam, the maker of spirits such as Maker’s Mark bourbon and Jim Beam whiskey, made its line managers responsible for hiring, training, and making compensation decisions. They are advised by a small group of “business partners,” who consult with the line managers on HR questions.1

Is this the end of human resource management? Probably not. The typ- ical company today is maintaining the size of its human resource depart- ment and even spending a little more on the function.2 At LRN, current and former employees have said line managers sometimes struggle with mak- ing HR decisions. For example, a line manager needs time to figure out how to define a job and set a salary range for it, which slows down the whole hiring process. At Beam, the HR business partners are playing a more strategic role than a traditional HR staffer focused on routine processes.

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 29 07/11/14 12:22 PM

A lot of managers are disappointed in the support they get from their HR teams, according to a survey by the Hay Group, a global consulting fi rm. The survey questioned line manag- ers and HR directors in China, the United Kingdom, and the United States about their working relation- ships. The results suggest that those relationships are often strained.

HR directors reported being chal- lenged by cutbacks in their depart- ment. One-third said they spend 21% to 50% of their time responding to inquiries from managers, and three- fourths said line managers want immediate responses. For their part, 41% of line managers in the United States said the HR department is too

slow in responding, and 47% said they could make decisions better and faster if they had more informa- tion from the department. An embar- rassing 29% rated Google above the HR department for providing perti- nent information.

Hay’s consultants suggest that human resource managers need to focus on how they can empower line managers by providing them with easy access to relevant information.


1. Suggest one way that HR managers might improve their helpfulness to line managers

2. Suggest one way that line managers can improve communications with HR managers, so they get the support they need.

Sources: Laurence Doe, “Relationship between Line Managers and HR under Increasing Strain, Hay Group Finds,” HR Magazine (UK), November 21, 2013,; Hay Group, “More Managers Turn to Google for HR Information,” Business Wire, November 20, 2013, http://www; Philip Spriet, “‘Power On’: From Passing the Buck to Activating the Line,” Hay Group Blog, October 16, 2013, http://blog

Less Helpful than a Search Engine?

HR Oops!

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 40 07/11/14 12:23 PM

Engage students through examples of companies whose HR departments have fallen short. Discussion questions at the end of each feature encourage student analysis of the situ- ation. Examples include “Few Companies Are Prepared for Future Talent Needs,” “401(k) Plans Are a Missed Opportunity for Many,” and “Cross-Cultural Management Mishaps.”

HR Oops!


Assurance of learning: • Learning objectives open each chapter. • Learning objectives are referenced in the page mar-

gins where the relevant discussion begins and are referenced in each Review and Discussion Question at the end of the chapter.

• The chapter summary is written around the same learning objectives and is provided in an easy-to-read bulleted list format.

• Instructor testing questions are tagged to the appropriate objective they cover.

F e a t u r e s


Expanding into Global Markets LO 2-5 Summarize

Land O’Lakes is an example of a company that has successfully re- duced costs by outsourcing human resource activities. Best known for its butter and other dairy products, the company is a food and agricul- ture cooperative owned by the farm- ers who participate in the business. The co-op’s 10,000 employees work toward a strategy of delivering strong fi nancial performance for its farmer- owners while providing programs and services that help the farmers operate more successfully.

In support of that strategy, Pam Grove, the senior director of ben- efi ts and HR operations, led Land O’Lakes to outsource the adminis- tration of employee benefi ts. Man- agement determined that benefi ts administration was not an activity that contributed to the company’s

strategy, and Land O’Lakes already had successfully used an outside fi rm to administer its 401(k) retire- ment savings plan. So Grove ar- ranged to have a fi rm administer its health insurance and pension plans as well.

Outsourcing achieved the basic goal of reducing costs, but that was not the only advantage. Grove freed up time for focusing on strategy- related activities, and she says the outsourcing arrangement also has improved service to employees. When the company tackled health benefi t costs by offering a high- deductible health plan, which shifts spending decisions to employees, Grove and her staff visited 100 Land O’Lakes locations to explain the new option. Employee enrollment was double her expectations, helping

the company save millions of dollars while keeping employees satisfi ed with their benefi ts.


1. When does outsourcing make strategic sense for an organization such as Land O’Lakes?

2. How does Grove ensure that a cost-conscious practice such as outsourcing is well received by employees?

Sources: Land O’Lakes Inc., “Com- pany,” http://www.landolakesinc .com, accessed April 22, 2014; Land O’Lakes Inc., “Careers,” http://www, accessed April 22, 2014; Susan J. Wells, “Benefi ts Strategies Grow: And HR Leads the Way,” HR Magazine, March 2013.

Outsourcing Enriches the Bottom Line for Land O’Lakes

Best Pract ices

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 45 07/11/14 12:23 PM

Engage students through examples of companies whose HR departments are work- ing well. Examples include “Morton Salt’s Prize-Winning Safety Program,” “Employees Are Quicken Loans’ Most Valuable Asset,” and “Machinists and Steelworkers Unions Help Harley-Davidson Get Lean.”

In the age of social networking, information sharing has become far more powerful than simply a means of increasing effi ciency through self-service. Creative organizations are enabling information sharing online to permit a free fl ow of knowledge among the

i ti ’ l E il I t ti l i l t ki t i l i i

Software companies are creating apps that let employees view their pay stubs, request time off, check the amounts of their bonuses, fi ll out and approve time sheets, look up coworkers in company directories, and more. At the same time, a grow- ing number of employees expect to be able to use their mobile devices for looking up work-related infor- mation. Given the possibility of and pressure for mobile HRM, here are some guidelines for making it work:

• Learn which mobile devices employees are using. Make sure applications will run properly on all the devices.

• Set priorities for introducing mobile applications that support your company’s strategy.

• Make sure your company has mobile-friendly versions of

its careers website. Many of today’s job hunters are look- ing for leads on their mobile devices, and they expect to be able to submit an application that way.

• If your company uses online training, create versions that run well on mobile devices.

• Select vendors that not only have software for existing mobile devices but also will be fl exible as hardware changes. Check references to fi nd out whether vendors have a history of keep- ing up with changing technology.

• Investigate the security protec- tion built into any app you are considering.

• Test mobile HRM apps to be sure they are easy to use and understand.


1. How could offering a mobile version of its careers website support an organization’s strategy?

2. What could be an advantage of using a software vendor for mobile HR apps, instead of having your organization’s employees create the apps?

Sources: Dave Zielinski, “The Mobiliza- tion of HR Tech,” HR Magazine, February 2014, Business Insights: Global, http://; Jennifer Alsever, “Objective: Hire Top Talent,” Fortune, January 23, 2014,; Tom Keebler, “New Considerations for HR Service Delivery Success: Where to Begin?” Workforce Solutions Review, December 2013, pp. 17–19.

Providing HR Services on Mobile Devices

HR How To

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 50 07/11/14 12:23 PM

Engage students through examples of how HR departments use social media as part of their daily activities. Examples include “The Discrimination Risk of Using Social Media in Hiring,” “Salary Talk Is Trending,” and “Social Support for Getting Healthy.”

Some managers believe organiza- tions need policies restricting em- ployees’ access to social media such as Twitter and Facebook. Their belief is based on the assumption that using social media is merely a distraction from doing real work. However, the research evidence for this assumption is mixed—and the impact of social media may vary across generations of workers.

Some studies simply ask em- ployees for their opinions about their access to social media. A survey of Canadian workers found that almost two-thirds have been distracted by social media, e-mail, or Web browsing. One-third re- ported losing more than an hour a day in checking e-mail and social media, and two-thirds said they would get more done if they were

international survey of information workers, almost half said using so- cial media had increased their pro- ductivity. The younger the workers, the more likely they were to asso- ciate social-media use with greater productivity and to say they could do their jobs even better if their em- ployer would loosen restrictions on the use of social media.

Another study, conducted by the Warwick Business School, in the United Kingdom, measured output instead of opinions. According to the researchers, using social media was associated with greater productiv- ity. The two-year study of employees at a telecommunications company found that they were more produc- tive when they used social media to communicate with customers. The mixed results suggest that a single


1. Thinking about your current job or a job you would like to have, would access to social media help or distract you? Do you think your age plays a role in your opinion? Why?

2. How could human resource management support decisions about creating a policy for using social media?

Sources: Thomson Reuters, “Two-Thirds of Workers Distracted by Emails, Inter- net, Social Media: Survey,” Canadian HR Reporter, April 17, 2014, http://www.; Shea Bennett, “Social Media Increases Offi ce Productivity, but Management Still Resistant, Says Study,” MediaBistro, June 26, 2013, http://www.; Bernhard Warner, “When Social Media at Work Don’t Create Productivity Killing Distractions ” Bloomberg

What Social-Media Policies Are Suitable across Generations?

HRM Social

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 32 07/11/14 12:23 PM

Engage students through specific steps to create HRM programs and tackle common challenges. Examples include “Writing Effective HR Policies,” “Providing HR Ser- vices on Mobile Devices,” and “Complying with the Affordable Care Act.”

Did You Know?

Half of employed workers are look- ing for a new job or would welcome an offer, according to a U.S. survey by the Jobvite software company. Looking at both employed and

unemployed workers, Jobvite found that 71% are actively seeking or open to a new job. Jobvite’s CEO notes that workers with mobile devices are looking for jobs “all the time.”


What challenges and opportuni- ties do employers face in a climate where half of an organization’s em- ployees feel ready to leave?

Sources: Bureau of National Affairs, “Half of Workers Open to or Actively Seeking New Job, Jobvite Survey Finds,” HR Focus, March 2014, p. 16; Dinah Wisenberg Brin, “Study: Most U.S. Workers Willing to Quit,” Society for Human Resource Management, February 25, 2014, http://www.shrm. org; company website, “Jobvite Seeker Nation Study,” 2014, http://recruiting.

Half of U.S. Employees Interested in Changing Jobs

U.S. labor force

Employed workers

Workers Seeking or Open to a New Job



noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 52 07/11/14 12:23 PM

Engage students through interesting sta- tistics related to chapter topics. Examples include “Half of U.S. Employees Interested in Changing Jobs,” “Selection Decisions Affect the Bottom Line,” and “Employers Stress Merit Pay to Retain Workers.”

Best Pract ices

HRM Social Did You Know?




Focused on ethics. Reviewers indicate that the Thinking Ethically feature, which confronts students in each chapter with an ethical issue regarding managing human resources, is a high- light. This feature has been updated throughout the text.

Apply the concepts in each chapter through comprehensive review and discussion questions, which are now keyed to chapter learning objectives.

Apply concepts in each chapter through three cases that focus on corporate sustainability, talent management, and HR in small business. These cases can be used as the basis for class lectures, and the questions provided at the end of each case are suitable for assignments or discussion.



One area in which business managers might consult with HR managers involves the treatment of company data on employees’ electronic devices. In the past, or- ganizations stored their data on their own hardware. But laptop computers and, more recently, tablet computers and smartphones make it possible for employees to carry around data on these mobile devices. Increasingly often, the devices are not even owned by the company, but by the employees themselves. For example, an em- ployee’s smartphone might include business as well as personal contacts in several mobile apps.

The situation is convenient for everyone until something goes wrong: a device is lost, an employee becomes upset with a manager, or the organization lays off some workers. From the standpoint of pro- tecting data, the obvious solution is to remove the data from the devices. So far, no law forbids this. However, it has consequences for the employees. Remotely wiping data from a device will remove all of it, including the user’s personal data, such as photos and addresses.

Companies are addressing concerns by crafting se- curity policies for employees who want to use their own devices for work-related tasks such as e-mail. Typi- cally, the policy requires the employee to download a program for mobile device management. If specifi ed

conditions arise, such as loss of the device or termina- tion of the employee, the company can use the software to send the device a message that wipes out all the data stored on the device. The company also can give the employee some notice, allowing time to save personal data, but this increases the risk to the company. Some employees have complained about their phones being unexpectedly erased after they left a company. They admit they might have been given a link to terms and conditions but tend not to read the terms of using a pro- gram such as company e-mail.


1. Imagine you work in the human resources depart- ment of a company considering a policy to protect its data on employees’ mobile devices. In advising on this policy, what rights should you consider?

2. What advice would you give or actions would you take to ensure that the policy is administered fairly and equitably?

Sources: “Using Your Personal Phone for Work Could Cost You,” CBS Miami, March 26, 2014,; Lauren Weber, “BYOD? Leaving a Job Can Mean Losing Pic- tures of Grandma,” Wall Street Journal, January 21, 2014, http://; Society for Human Resource Management, “Safety and Security Technology: Can an Employer Remotely Wipe/Brick an Employee’s Personal Cell Phone?” SHRM Knowledge Center, November 5, 2013,

noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 54 07/11/14 12:23 PM


1. What is the role of each branch of the federal gov- ernment with regard to equal employment oppor- tunity? (LO 3-1)

2. For each of the following situations, identify one or more constitutional amendments, laws, or execu- tive orders that might apply. (LO 3-2)

a. A veteran of the Vietnam conflict experiences lower-back pain after sitting for extended peri- ods of time. He has applied for promotion to a supervisory position that has traditionally involved spending most of the workday behind a desk.

b. One of two female workers on a road construc- tion crew complains to her supervisor that she feels uncomfortable during breaks, because the other employees routinely tell off-color jokes.

c. A manager at an architectural firm receives a call from the local newspaper. The reporter wonders how the firm wishes to respond to calls from two of its employees alleging racial discrimination. About half of the firm’s employ- ees (including all of its partners and most of its architects) are white. One of the firm’s clients is the federal government.

3. For each situation in the preceding question, what actions, if any, should the organization take? (LO 3-4)

4. The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that employers make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities. How might this

requirement affect law enforcement offi cers and fi refi ghters? (LO 3-4)

5. To identify instances of sexual harassment, the courts may use a “reasonable woman” standard of what constitutes offensive behavior. This standard is based on the idea that women and men have dif- ferent ideas of what behavior is appropriate. What are the implications of this distinction? Do you think this distinction is helpful or harmful? Why? (LO 3-5)

6. Given that the “reasonable woman” standard re- ferred to in Question 5 is based on women’s ideas of what is appropriate, how might an organization with mostly male employees identify and avoid be- havior that could be found to be sexual harassment? (LO 3-5)

7. What are an organization’s basic duties under the Occupational Safety and Health Act? (LO 3-6)

8. OSHA penalties are aimed at employers, rather than employees. How does this affect employee safety? (LO 3-7)

9. How can organizations motivate employees to pro- mote safety and health in the workplace? (LO 3-8)

10. For each of the following occupations, identify at least one possible hazard and at least one action employers could take to minimize the risk of an in- jury or illness related to that hazard. (LO 3-8)

a. Worker in a fast-food restaurant b. Computer programmer c. Truck driver d. House painter

noe18364_ch03_062-100.indd 96 07/11/14 12:24 PM

58 e u a esou ce o e t

Netflix Treats Workers “Like Adults” When Patty McCord talks about human resource man- agement at Netfl ix, she refers to treating people “like adults.” McCord, until recently the company’s chief tal- ent offi cer, means the company hires people who are mature enough to take responsibility and then simply gives them responsibility. The result, McCord insists, is that employees live up to what is expected of them. If not, the company feels free to fi nd someone else. That direct approach makes sense to the knowledge work- ers who populate the results-oriented, data-respecting world of information technology.

When McCord was at Netfl ix, she and CEO Reed Hastings settled on fi ve principles that would direct the company’s approach to human resource management:

1. Hire, reward, and keep only “fully formed adults.” For McCord and Hastings, such employees use common sense, address problems openly, and put company in- terests ahead of their own. People like this need not be managed with endless policies. Rather, the com- pany can trust them to take off time when they need it and spend money appropriately. The employees also are literally adults; Netfl ix favors hiring experi- enced workers over recruiting at colleges.

2. Tell the truth about performance. Managers are expected to make performance feedback part of their routine conversations with employees. If an employee is no longer working out, managers are supposed to let him or her know directly, offering a good severance pack- age to smooth a dignifi ed path to the exit.

3 Managers are responsible for creating great teams The

4. The company’s leaders must create the company culture. Netfl ix executives are supposed to model behaviors such as truth-telling and treating people like adults.

5. HR managers should think of themselves fi rst as business- people. As chief talent manager, McCord focused on the company’s fi nancial success and products, not on employee morale. She assumed that if employees, as adults, were able to make Netfl ix a high-performance organization and be compensated fairly, that would improve morale more than anything.

To put these principles into action, Netfl ix rewards high- performing employees with fair pay and a fl exible sched- ule. Employees who do not perform up to standards are asked to leave. Rewarding high performance, in fact, makes it easier to allow fl exibility and empowerment, be- cause managers do not have to police every action and decision. It also creates an environment in which employ- ees do not assume they have a Netfl ix job forever. Rather, they are responsible for doing good work and developing the skills that continue to make them valuable to their employer. Netfl ix’s approach to talent helps the company stay agile—perhaps agile enough to withstand the shift- ing winds of entertainment in the digital age.

Questions 1. How well suited do you think Netfl ix’s principles are

to managing the knowledge workers (mainly soft- ware engineers) who work for Netfl ix? Explain.

2. What qualities of Netfl ix support the idea that it is a high-performance work system? What other quali-


noe18364_ch02_029-061.indd 58 07/11/14 12:23 PM

F e a t u r e s


Across the country, instructors and students continue to raise an important question: How can Human Resource Management courses further support students throughout the learning process to shape future business leaders? While there is no one solution, we see the impact of new learning technologies and innovative study tools that not only fully engage students in course material but also inform instructors of the stu- dents’ skill and comprehension levels.

Interactive learning tools, including those offered through McGraw-Hill Connect, are being implemented to increase teaching effectiveness and learn- ing efficiency in thousands of colleges and universities. By facilitating a stron- ger connection with the course and incorporating the latest technologies—such as McGraw-Hill LearnSmart, an adaptive learning program—these tools enable students to succeed in their college careers, which will ultimately increase the per- centage of students completing their postsecondary degrees and create the business leaders of the future.

McGraw-Hill Connect


® Connect is an all-digital teaching and learning environment designed from the ground up to work with the way instructors and students think, teach, and learn. As a digital teaching,

assignment, and assessment platform, Connect strengthens the link among faculty, stu- dents, and coursework, helping everyone accomplish more in less time.


LearnSmart is the most widely used and intelligent adaptive learning resource. It is proven to strengthen memory recall, improve course retention, and boost grades by distinguishing between what students know and what they don’t know and honing in on the concepts that they are most likely to forget. LearnSmart con- tinuously adapts to each student’s needs by building an individual learning path. As a result, students study smarter and retain more knowledge.

Results-Driven Support

Grade Distribution

Without LearnSmart

A 30.5%

B 33.5%

C 22.6%

A 19.3%

B 38.6%

C 28.0%

With LearnSmart

58% more As with LearnSmart

With LearnSmart

Without LearnSmart

Student Pass Rate

25% more students passed with LearnSmart

xxii Results-Driven Support


Fueled by LearnSmart, SmartBook is the first and only adaptive reading experience available today. SmartBook personalizes content for each student in a continuously adapting reading experience. Reading is no longer a passive and linear experience, but an engaging and dynamic one where students are more likely to master and retain important concepts, coming to class better prepared.

LearnSmart Achieve EXCEL IN YOUR CLASS

Accelerate student success with Learn- Smart Achieve™—the first and only adap- tive study experience that pinpoints

individual student knowledge gaps and provides targeted, interactive help at the moment of need.

Interactive Applications A HIGHER LEVEL OF LEARNING

These exercises require students to APPLY what they have learned in a real-world scenario. These online exercises will help students assess their understanding of the concepts.

Media Rich eBook Connect provides students with a cost-saving alternative to the traditional textbook. A seamless integration of a media rich eBook features the following:

• A web-optimized eBook, allowing for anytime, anywhere online access to the textbook.

• Powerful search function to pinpoint and connect key concepts in a snap. • Highlighting and note-taking capabilities as well as access to shared instructors’



Connect and LearnSmart allow students to present course material to students in more ways than just the explanations they hear from me directly. Because of this, students are processing the material in new ways, requiring them to think. I now have more students asking questions in class because the more we think, the more we question.

Instructor at Hinds Community College


® McGraw-Hill strengthens the link between faculty, students, and coursework, helping everyone accomplish more in less time.

Efficient Administrative Capabilities Connect offers you, the instructor, auto-gradable material in an effort to facilitate teaching and learning.

The Best Instructor Support on the Market

60 minutes without Connect

Reviewing Homework

60 minutes without Connect

15 minutes with Connect

60 minutes without Connect

0 minutes with Connect

12 minutes with Connect

Giving Tests or Quizzes Grading

Student Progress Tracking Connect keeps instructors informed about how each student, section, and class is per- forming, allowing for more productive use of lecture and office hours. The progress tracking function enables instructors to:

• View scored work immediately and track individual or group performance with assignment and grade reports.

• Access an instant view of student or class performance relative to learning objectives. • Collect data and generate reports required by

many accreditation organizations, such as AACSB.

Actionable Data Connect Insight is a powerful data analytics tool that allows instructors to leverage aggregated information about their courses and students to provide a more per- sonalized teaching and learning experience.

xxiv The Best Instructor Support on the Market

Connect Instructor Library Connect’s instructor library serves as a one-stop, secure site for essential course materi- als, allowing you to save prep time before class. The instructor resources found in the library include: • Instructor’s Manual: The custom-designed Instructor’s Manual includes chapter

summaries, learning objectives, an extended chapter outline, key terms, description of text boxes, discussion questions, summary of end-of-chapter cases, and additional activities.

• Test Bank: The Test Bank has been revised and updated to reflect the content of the Sixth Edition of the book. Each chapter includes multiple-choice, true/false, and essay questions.

• EZ Test: McGraw-Hill’s EZ Test is a flexible and easy-to-use electronic testing program. The program allows instructors to create tests from book-specific items. It accommodates a wide range of question types and instructors may add their own questions. Multiple versions of the test can be created and any test can be exported for use with course management systems such as BlackBoard, D2L, or Moodle. The program is available for Windows and Macintosh environments.

• PowerPoint: The slides include lecture material, additional content to expand concepts in the text, and discussion questions, and the PowerPoint slides also include detailed teaching notes.

• Videos: Human Resource Management Video DVD, volume 3, offers video clips on HRM issues for each chapter of this edition. You’ll find a new video produced by the SHRM Foundation entitled “Once the Deal Is Done: Making Mergers Work.” Three new videos specifically address employee benefits: “GM Cuts Ben- efits and Pay,” “Sulphur Springs Teachers,” and “Google Employees’ Perks.” Other new videos available for this edition include “E-Learning English” for the chapter on employee development and “Recession Job Growth” for the chapter on HR planning recruitment. Two new videos specifically address recession-related HR issues: “Some Workers Willing to Sacrifice to Avoid Layoffs” and “Stretched Small Business Owners Forced to Lay Off Employees.” Other notable videos available for this edition include “Johnson & Johnson eUniversity” for the chapter on training and “Hollywood Labor Unions” for the chapter on collective bargaining and labor relations.

Video Library DVDs McGraw-Hill offers the most comprehensive video support for the Human Resource Management classroom through course library video DVDs. This discipline has library volume DVDs tailored to integrate and visually reinforce chapter concepts. The library volume DVD contains more than 40 clips! The rich video material, organ- ized by topic, comes from sources such as PBS, NBC, BBC, SHRM, and McGraw- Hill. Video cases and video guides are provided for some clips.

Destination CEO Videos These video clips feature CEOs on a variety of topics. Accompanying each clip are multiple-choice questions and discussion questions to use in the classroom or assign as a quiz.

The Best Instructor Support on the Market xxv

Create Instructors can now tailor their teach- ing  resources to match the way they teach! With McGraw-Hill Create, www., instructors can

easily rearrange chapters, combine material from other content sources, and quickly upload and integrate their own content, like course syllabi or teaching notes. Find the right content in Create by searching through thousands of leading McGraw-Hill text- books. Arrange the material to fit your teaching style. Order a Create book and receive a complimentary print review copy in three to five business days or a complimentary electronic review copy via e-mail within one hour. Go to www.mcgrawhillcreate. com today and register.

Binder-Ready Loose-Leaf Text (ISBN 9781259304415) This full-featured text is provided as an option to the price-sensitive student. It is a four-color text that’s three-hole punched and made available at a discount to students. It is also available in a package with Connect.

Tegrity Campus


Tegrity makes class time available 24/7 by auto- matically capturing every lecture in a searchable format for students to review when they study and

complete assignments. With a simple one-click start-and-stop process, you capture all computer screens and corresponding audio. Students can replay any part of any class with easy-to-use browser-based viewing on a PC or Mac. Educators know that the more students can see, hear, and experience class resources, the better they learn. In fact, studies prove it. With patented Tegrity “search anything” technology, students instantly recall key class moments for replay online or on iPods and mobile devices. Instructors can help turn all their students’ study time into learning moments imme- diately supported by their lecture. To learn more about Tegrity, watch a two-minute Flash demo at

Blackboard® Partnership McGraw-Hill Education and Blackboard have teamed up to simplify your life. Now you and your students can access Connect and Create right from within your Black- board course—all with one single sign-on. The grade books are seamless, so when a student completes an inte- grated Connect assignment, the grade for that assignment automatically (and instantly) feeds your Blackboard grade center. Learn more at

McGraw-Hill Campus™ McGraw-Hill Campus is a new one-stop teach- ing and learning experience available to users of any learning management system. This institutional service allows faculty and students

xxvi The Best Instructor Support on the Market

to enjoy single sign-on (SSO) access to all McGraw-Hill Higher Education materials, including the award-winning McGraw-Hill Connect platform, from directly within the institution’s website. With McGraw-Hill Campus, faculty receive instant access to teaching materials (e.g., eBooks, test banks, PowerPoint slides, animations, learning objects, etc.), allowing them to browse, search, and use any instructor ancillary content in our vast library at no additional cost to instructor or students.

Course Design and Delivery In addition, students enjoy SSO access to a variety of free content (e.g., quizzes, flash cards, narrated presentations, etc.) and subscription-based products (e.g., McGraw- Hill Connect). With McGraw-Hill Campus enabled, faculty and students will never need to create another account to access McGraw-Hill products and services. Learn more at

Assurance of Learning Ready Many educational institutions today focus on the notion of assurance of learning, an important element of some accreditation standards. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management is designed specifically to support instructors’ assurance of learning ini- tiatives with a simple yet powerful solution. Each test bank question maps to a specific chapter learning objective listed in the text. Instructors can use our test bank software, EZ Test and EZ Test Online, to easily query for learning objectives that directly relate to the learning outcomes for their course. Instructors can then use the reporting fea- tures of EZ Test to aggregate student results in similar fashion, making the collection and presentation of assurance of learning data simple and easy.

AACSB Tagging McGraw-Hill Education is a proud corporate mem- ber of AACSB International. Understanding the importance and value of AACSB accreditation, Fun- damentals of Human Resource Management recognizes

the curricula guidelines detailed in the AACSB standards for business accreditation by connecting selected questions in the text and the test bank to the six general knowl- edge and skill guidelines in the AACSB standards. The statements contained in Fun- damentals of Human Resource Management are provided only as a guide for the users of this textbook. The AACSB leaves content coverage and assessment within the purview of individual schools, the mission of the school, and the faculty. While the Fundamen- tals of Human Resource Management teaching package makes no claim of any specific AACSB qualification or evaluation, we have labeled selected questions according to the six general knowledge and skills areas.

McGraw-Hill Customer Experience Group Contact Information At McGraw-Hill Education, we understand that getting the most from new technology can be challenging. That’s why our services don’t stop after you purchase our products. You can e-mail our Product Specialists 24 hours a day to get product training online. Or you can search our knowledge bank of Frequently Asked Questions on our support website. For Customer Support, call 800-331-5094 or visit One of our Technical Support Analysts will be able to assist you in a timely fashion.


Brief Contents

Preface x


The Human Resource Environment 1 1 Managing Human Resources 2

2 Trends in Human Resource Management 29

3 Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace 62

4 Analyzing Work and Designing Jobs 101


Acquiring, Training, and Developing Human Resources 131 5 Planning for and Recruiting Human

Resources 132

6 Selecting Employees and Placing Them in Jobs 167

7 Training Employees 200

8 Developing Employees for Future Success 236


Assessing and Improving Performance 269 9 Creating and Maintaining High-

Performance Organizations 270

10 Managing Employees’ Performance 298

11 Separating and Retaining Employees 332


Compensating Human Resources 365 12 Establishing a Pay Structure 366

13 Recognizing Employee Contributions with Pay 395

14 Providing Employee Benefits 423


Meeting Other HR Goals 459 15 Collective Bargaining and Labor

Relations 460

16 Managing Human Resources Globally 495

Glossary 530

Credits 540

Name and Company Index 541

Subject Index 555



Preface x


The Human Resource Environment 1 1 Managing Human Resources 2 Introduction 2

Human Resources and Company Performance 3

Responsibilities of Human Resource Departments 5 Analyzing and Designing Jobs 7 Recruiting and Hiring Employees 7 Training and Developing Employees 8 Managing Performance 8


How Abbott Laboratories Creates a Healthy Business 9

Planning and Administering Pay and Benefits 9 Maintaining Positive Employee Relations 10 Establishing and Administering Personnel Policies 10


Writing Effective HR Policies 11

Managing and Using Human Resource Data 11 Ensuring Compliance with Labor Laws 12 Supporting the Organization’s Strategy 12


“Talent Management Sounds Great, but . . .” 13

Skills of HRM Professionals 14


CEO and CFO Relationships with HRM 16

HR Responsibilities of Supervisors 17

Ethics in Human Resource Management 18 Employee Rights 18 Standards for Ethical Behavior 19

Careers in Human Resource Management 20


SHRM’s Social-Media Presence 21

Organization of This Book 22


How Should an Employer Weigh Conflicting Values? 23

Summary 23

Key Terms 24

Review and Discussion Questions 24

Taking Responsibility: How “Good Things Happen to” Costco 25

Managing Talent: Ingersoll Rand’s Problem-Solving Approach to HRM 26

HR in Small Business: Managing HR at a Services Firm 26 Notes 27

2 Trends in Human Resource Management 29

Introduction 29

Change in the Labor Force 30 An Aging Workforce 30


What Social-Media Policies Are Suitable across Generations? 32

A Diverse Workforce 32 Skill Deficiencies of the Workforce 35

High-Performance Work Systems 35 Knowledge Workers 36 Employee Empowerment 38 Teamwork 38

Focus on Strategy 39


Less Helpful than a Search Engine? 40

Contents xxix

Mergers and Acquisitions 40 High Quality Standards 41 Cost Control 42


Outsourcing Enriches the Bottom Line for Land O’Lakes 45

Expanding into Global Markets 45

Technological Change in HRM 47 Electronic Human Resource Management (e-HRM) 48 Sharing of Human Resource Information 49


Providing HR Services on Mobile Devices 50

Change in the Employment Relationship 50 A Psychological Contract 51 Declining Union Membership 51


Half of U.S. Employees Interested in Changing Jobs 52

Flexibility 52


How Should Employers Protect Their Data on Employees’ Devices? 54

Summary 55

Key Terms 56

Review and Discussion Questions 56

Taking Responsibility: Taking Care of People Gives Cisco Systems a Strategic Advantage 57

Managing Talent: Netflix Treats Workers “Like Adults” 58

HR in Small Business: Radio Flyer Rolls Forward 58

Notes 59

3 Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace 62

Introduction 62

Regulation of Human Resource Management 63

Equal Employment Opportunity 64 Constitutional Amendments 64 Legislation 66 Executive Orders 72

The Government’s Role in Providing for Equal Employment Opportunity 73

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) 73


Being Strategic about EEO 74

Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) 75

Businesses’ Role in Providing for Equal Employment Opportunity 76 Avoiding Discrimination 76


The Discrimination Risk of Using Social Media in Hiring 78


Lack of Rewards May Explain “Leaky Pipeline” 80

Providing Reasonable Accommodation 81 Preventing Sexual Harassment 82 Valuing Diversity 83

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) 84 General and Specific Duties 85 Enforcement of the OSH Act 87 Employee Rights and Responsibilities 87 Impact of the OSH Act 88

Employer-Sponsored Safety and Health Programs 88 Identifying and Communicating Job Hazards 89


Morton Salt’s Prize-Winning Safety Program 90

Reinforcing Safe Practices 91


Top 10 Causes of Workplace Injuries 92

Promoting Safety Internationally 93


Is Discrimination against the Unemployed Ethical? 93

Summary 94

Key Terms 95

Review and Discussion Questions 96

Taking Responsibility: Keeping Sprint’s Subcontractors Safe 96

Managing Talent: Walmart’s Struggle to Manage Diversity and Safety on a Grand Scale 97

xxx Contents

Managing Talent: Amazon’s Warehouse Jobs: Good or Grueling Work? 128

HR in Small Business: Inclusivity Defines BraunAbility’s Products and Its Jobs 128

Notes 129


Acquiring, Training, and Developing Human Resources 131 5 Planning for and Recruiting Human

Resources 132 Introduction 132

The Process of Human Resource Planning 133 Forecasting 133 Goal Setting and Strategic Planning 136


Trimming More Than Just Fat 139


Using Temporary Employees and Contractors 142

Implementing and Evaluating the HR Plan 144


The Biggest Hiring Challenges Involve Recruiting 145

Applying HR Planning to Affirmative Action 145

Recruiting Human Resources 146

Personnel Policies 147

Recruitment Sources 148 Internal Sources 148


Sources of Talent for Advanced Technology Services 149

External Sources 149


Social Networks Can Also Be Career Networks 152

Evaluating the Quality of a Source 155

Recruiter Traits and Behaviors 156 Characteristics of the Recruiter 157 Behavior of the Recruiter 157 Enhancing the Recruiter’s Impact 157


Is Something Wrong with a Mutual Agreement Not to “Steal” Employees? 159

Summary 160

HR in Small Business: Company Fails Fair- Employment Test 98

Notes 99

4 Analyzing Work and Designing Jobs 101 Introduction 101

Work Flow in Organizations 102 Work Flow Analysis 102 Work Flow Design and an Organization’s Structure 103


Workers Often Don’t Have What They Need to Succeed 104

Job Analysis 105 Job Descriptions 105 Job Specifications 106


Identifying Relevant KSAOs 108

Sources of Job Information 109 Position Analysis Questionnaire 109 Fleishman Job Analysis System 110 Analyzing Teamwork 111 Importance of Job Analysis 111


With Good Analysis, Work Isn’t Just a Game 112

Competency Models 112 Trends in Job Analysis 114

Job Design 114 Designing Efficient Jobs 115 Designing Jobs That Motivate 115


Big Data for High Efficiency at UPS 116


Occasional Telework Dominates Flexibility Options 121

Designing Ergonomic Jobs 121 Designing Jobs That Meet Mental Capabilities and Limitations 122


How Can You Ethically Design a Dangerous Job? 124

Summary 125

Key Terms 126

Review and Discussion Questions 126

Taking Responsibility: How Google Searches for the Right Job Requirements 127

Contents xxxi

Preparing to Interview 189

Selection Decisions 189 How Organizations Select Employees 189


Interview Alarm Bells 190

Communicating the Decision 191


Is a Policy of Not Hiring Smokers Ethical? 191

Summary 192

Key Terms 193

Review and Discussion Questions 194

Taking Responsibility: How Gild Aims to Create Golden Opportunities for Underappreciated Workers 194

Managing Talent: Hiring for an Oil Boom 195

HR in Small Business: Kinaxis Chooses Sales Reps with Personality 196

Notes 197

7 Training Employees 200 Introduction 200

Training Linked to Organizational Needs 201


A Strategic Approach to Learning at ConAgra Foods 202

Needs Assessment 203 Organization Analysis 203 Person Analysis 204 Task Analysis 205

Readiness for Training 206 Employee Readiness Characteristics 206 Work Environment 206

Planning the Training Program 207 Objectives of the Program 207


Many Companies Outsource Training Tasks 208

In-House or Contracted Out? 208 Choice of Training Methods 209

Training Methods 210 Classroom Instruction 210 Audiovisual Training 211 Computer-Based Training 211


Developing Training Content for Mobile Devices 212

Key Terms 161

Review and Discussion Questions 161

Taking Responsibility: SAP’s Inclusive Approach to Recruiting 162

Managing Talent: Boeing’s High-Flying Approach to HR Planning and Recruitment 162

HR in Small Business: For Personal Financial Advisors, a Small Staffing Plan with a Big Impact 163

Notes 164

6 Selecting Employees and Placing Them in Jobs 167

Introduction 167

Selection Process 168 Reliability 170 Validity 170 Ability to Generalize 172


Selection Decisions Affect the Bottom Line 173

Practical Value 173 Legal Standards for Selection 174

Job Applications and Résumés 176 Application Forms 176 Résumés 178 References 178 Background Checks 179


Using Social Media as a Background Check 180

Employment Tests and Work Samples 181 Physical Ability Tests 181


St. Joseph Health Matches Physical Abilities to Job Requirements 182

Cognitive Ability Tests 182 Job Performance Tests and Work Samples 183 Personality Inventories 183 Honesty Tests and Drug Tests 185 Medical Examinations 186

Interviews 186 Interviewing Techniques 186 Advantages and Disadvantages of Interviewing 187


Interviewing Job Candidates Effectively 188

xxxii Contents

Formal Education 239 Assessment 240


Setting Up Stretch Assignments for Employees 245

Job Experiences 245 Interpersonal Relationships 249


Online Support for Career Development 250

Systems for Career Management 251 Data Gathering 252


Managers Must Look Outside for Development Support 253

Feedback 254 Goal Setting 255 Action Planning and Follow-Up 255

Development-Related Challenges 257 The Glass Ceiling 257 Succession Planning 257


A Ceiling above a Ceiling 258

Dysfunctional Managers 260


Should Managers Feel Obligated to Be Mentors? 260

Summary 261

Key Terms 262

Review and Discussion Questions 263

Taking Responsibility: Taking Care of Employees Helps the Patent Office Serve the Public 263

Managing Talent: Procter & Gamble’s Succession Management Slip-Up 264

HR in Small Business: Employee Sabbatical Benefits Others at Little Tokyo Service Center 265

Notes 266


Assessing and Improving Performance 269 9 Creating and Maintaining High-

Performance Organizations 270 Introduction 270

On-the-Job Training 213 Simulations 214 Business Games and Case Studies 215 Behavior Modeling 216 Experiential Programs 216 Team Training 217 Action Learning 218

Implementing the Training Program 218 Principles of Learning 218 Transfer of Training 220


Social Learning with Visual Impact on Pinterest 221

Measuring Results of Training 222 Evaluation Methods 222 Applying the Evaluation 223


Training Executives Are Unimpressed with Their Measurement Processes 224

Applications of Training 224 Orientation of New Employees 224 Diversity Training 225


Internships: Opportunity or Exploitation? 227

Summary 228

Key Terms 230

Review and Discussion Questions 230

Taking Responsibility: How MasTec’s Training Helps Keep Workers Safe 231

Managing Talent: Hewlett-Packard Builds Its Own “University” 232

HR in Small Business: How Nick’s Pizza Delivers Training Results 232

Notes 233

8 Developing Employees for Future Success 236

Introduction 236

Training, Development, and Career Management 237 Development and Training 237 Development for Careers 238


How KPMG Develops for the Future 239

Approaches to Employee Development 239

Contents xxxiii

HR in Small Business: Employees Make a Difference at Amy’s Ice Creams 295

Notes 296

10 Managing Employees’ Performance 298 Introduction 298

The Process of Performance Management 299


“Where Have I Heard That Before?” 301

Purposes of Performance Management 301

Criteria for Effective Performance Management 302

Methods for Measuring Performance 303


A Goal-Oriented System of Performance Management 304

Making Comparisons 304 Rating Individuals 306


Popular Performance Measures 307

Measuring Results 311 Total Quality Management 313

Sources of Performance Information 314 Managers 314 Peers 315 Subordinates 315


Crowdsourcing Performance Reviews 316

Self 316 Customers 317

Errors in Performance Measurement 317 Types of Rating Errors 318 Ways to Reduce Errors 318 Political Behavior in Performance Appraisals 318

Giving Performance Feedback 319 Scheduling Performance Feedback 319 Preparing for a Feedback Session 320 Conducting the Feedback Session 320


Discussing Employee Performance 321

Finding Solutions to Performance Problems 321

Legal and Ethical Issues in Performance Management 322

High-Performance Work Systems 271 Elements of a High-Performance Work System 272 Outcomes of a High-Performance Work System 273

Conditions That Contribute to High Performance 274 Teamwork and Empowerment 275 Knowledge Sharing 275


When Social-Media Tools Support Knowledge Sharing 276

Job Satisfaction and Employee Engagement 277


Three in Ten U.S. Workers Describe Themselves as Engaged 278

Ethics 279

HRM’s Contribution to High Performance 280 HRM Practices 280


Few Companies Are Prepared for Future Talent Needs 281

HRM Technology 283 HRM Applications 283 Human Resource Information Systems 284 Human Resource Management Online: E-HRM 285


How e-HRM Helps Plan International Respond to Crises with Agility 286

Effectiveness of Human Resource Management 287 Human Resource Management Audits 288 Analyzing the Effect of HRM Programs 288


Making the Most of HR Analytics 290


How Can—and Should—Organizations Measure Ethics Performance? 291

Summary 292

Key Terms 293

Review and Discussion Questions 293

Taking Responsibility: The Container Store Puts Employees First 293

Managing Talent: Valuing Labor Drives High Performance at HindlePower 294

xxxiv Contents

Supervisors and Co-Workers 352


Employees Are Quicken Loans’ Most Valuable Asset 353

Pay and Benefits 354 Monitoring Job Satisfaction 354


Is It Ethical to Fire by E-mail and Text? 356

Summary 357

Key Terms 358

Review and Discussion Questions 358

Taking Responsibility: General Motors Tries to Steer in a New Direction 359

Managing Talent: What Makes Genentech So Great for Scientists? 360

HR in Small Business: Learning to Show Appreciation at Datotel 361

Notes 362


Compensating Human Resources 365 12 Establishing a Pay Structure 366 Introduction 366

Decisions about Pay 367

Legal Requirements for Pay 368 Equal Employment Opportunity 368 Minimum Wage 369 Overtime Pay 370


Overlooking Overtime 371

Child Labor 371 Prevailing Wages 372

Economic Influences on Pay 372 Product Markets 372 Labor Markets 373


Management, Professional, Computer Occupations Are the Highest Paid 374

Pay Level: Deciding What to Pay 374 Gathering Information about Market Pay 375

Employee Judgments about Pay Fairness 375

Legal Requirements for Performance Management 322 Electronic Monitoring and Employee Privacy 323


How Fair Are Forced Rankings? 324

Summary 324

Key Terms 326

Review and Discussion Questions 327

Taking Responsibility: REI’s Purpose Drives Its Performance Management 327

Managing Talent: Adobe Systems Asks Managers to Check-In 328

HR in Small Business: Appraisals Matter at Meadow Hills Veterinary Center 329

Notes 330

11 Separating and Retaining Employees 332 Introduction 332

Managing Voluntary and Involuntary Turnover 333

Employee Separation 334 Principles of Justice 335 Legal Requirements 336


Employees’ Privacy vs. Employer’s Reputation 338

Progressive Discipline 338 Alternative Dispute Resolution 340


Announcing a Disciplinary Action 341

Employee Assistance Programs 342 Outplacement Counseling 343

Employee Engagement 343


Where Profits Are Growing, More Employees Are Engaged 344

Job Withdrawal 345 Job Dissatisfaction 345 Behavior Change 347 Physical Job Withdrawal 348


Bizarre Excuses for Absences 349

Psychological Withdrawal 349

Job Satisfaction 350 Personal Dispositions 350 Tasks and Roles 351

Contents xxxv

Performance Bonuses 402


Giving Arbitrary Bonuses to Employees 403

Sales Commissions 403

Pay for Group Performance 404 Gainsharing 404 Group Bonuses and Team Awards 405

Pay for Organizational Performance 406 Profit Sharing 406 Stock Ownership 407


Profit Sharing at Paul Downs Cabinetmakers 408

Balanced Scorecard 410

Processes That Make Incentives Work 411


Scoring Social Influence 412

Participation in Decisions 412 Communication 412


Getting the Most from a Limited Compensation Budget 413

Incentive Pay for Executives 414 Performance Measures for Executives 414 Ethical Issues 415


Can Incentives Promote Ethics? 416

Summary 416 Key Terms 418 Review and Discussion Questions 418 Taking Responsibility: At Rhino Foods, Incentive Pay Is an Expression of Respect 418 Managing Talent: Making Hilcorp Energy’s Employees Feel (and Act) like Owners 419 HR in Small Business: Employees Own Bob’s Red Mill 420

Notes 421

14 Providing Employee Benefits 423 Introduction 423

The Role of Employee Benefits 424

Benefits Required by Law 426 Social Security 426 Unemployment Insurance 427 Workers’ Compensation 428


Gathering Wage Data at the BLS Website 376

Judging Fairness 376 Communicating Fairness 377


Salary Talk Is Trending 378

Job Structure: Relative Value of Jobs 379

Pay Structure: Putting It All Together 380 Pay Rates 380 Pay Grades 381


Parkland Health Rethinks Entry-Level Pay Rates 382

Pay Ranges 382 Pay Differentials 383 Alternatives to Job-Based Pay 384

Pay Structure and Actual Pay 385

Current Issues Involving Pay Structure 386 Pay During Military Duty 386 Pay for Executives 386


Is Pay Disparity in the Fast-Food Business Ethical? 388

Summary 388

Key Terms 390

Review and Discussion Questions 390

Taking Responsibility: IKEA Aims to Pay a Living Wage 391

Managing Talent: Twitter Tries to Be an Employer You’d Tweet About 391

HR in Small Business: Changing the Pay Level at Eight Crossings 392

Notes 393

13 Recognizing Employee Contributions with Pay 395

Introduction 395 Incentive Pay 396


Employers Stress Merit Pay to Retain Workers 398

Pay for Individual Performance 398 Piecework Rates 399 Standard Hour Plans 400 Merit Pay 400

xxxvi Contents


Meeting Other HR Goals 459 15 Collective Bargaining and Labor

Relations 460 Introduction 460

Role of Unions and Labor Relations 461 National and International Unions 462 Local Unions 463 Trends in Union Membership 463 Unions in Government 465


Profile of a Typical Union Worker 466

Impact of Unions on Company Performance 466

Goals of Management, Labor Unions, and Society 467 Management Goals 467 Labor Union Goals 468


Machinists and Steelworkers Unions Help Harley-Davidson Get Lean 469

Societal Goals 469

Laws and Regulations Affecting Labor Relations 470 National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) 470 Laws Amending the NLRA 471


Avoiding Unfair Labor Practices 472

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) 473

Union Organizing 474


Protected Social Activity 475

The Process of Organizing 475 Management Strategies 476


Did Too Many Voters Spoil the Election? 477

Union Strategies 477 Decertifying a Union 479

Collective Bargaining 479 Bargaining over New Contracts 479 When Bargaining Breaks Down 481

Contract Administration 483

New Approaches to Labor Relations 485

Unpaid Family and Medical Leave 429 Health Care Benefits 429


Complying with the Affordable Care Act 430

Optional Benefits Programs 431 Paid Leave 432 Group Insurance 433


Social Support for Getting Healthy 437

Retirement Plans 437


401(k) Plans Are a Missed Opportunity for Many 440

“Family-Friendly” Benefits 442 Other Benefits 443

Selecting Employee Benefits 444 The Organization’s Objectives 444 Employees’ Expectations and Values 444 Benefits’ Costs 446


Big Data Looks Like a Sure Bet for Caesars Entertainment 447

Legal Requirements for Employee Benefits 448 Tax Treatment of Benefits 448 Antidiscrimination Laws 448 Accounting Requirements 449


Employees Say Benefits Matter 450

Communicating Benefits to Employees 450


Should All Employees Pay the Same Amount for Health Insurance? 451

Summary 452

Key Terms 454

Review and Discussion Questions 454

Taking Responsibility: The Starbucks Way to Get an Education 454

Managing Talent: Sodexo’s Stumble on Benefits for Workers at Colleges 455

HR in Small Business: Babies Welcomed at T3 456

Notes 457

Contents xxxvii

Global Employee Development 510

Performance Management across National Boundaries 510

Compensating an International Workforce 510 Pay Structure 511 Incentive Pay 512 Employee Benefits 512

International Labor Relations 513

Managing Expatriates 514 Selecting Expatriate Managers 514


Online Communities to Support Expatriates’ Spouses 515

Preparing Expatriates 515 Managing Expatriates’ Performance 518 Compensating Expatriates 518


Priciest Cities Are Spread over Three Continents 520

Helping Expatriates Return Home 521


Can Offshoring Be Done More Ethically? 523

Summary 523

Key Terms 525

Review and Discussion Questions 525

Taking Responsibility: Coping with Pollution in Beijing 526

Managing Talent: Global Mindset Gives Renault- Nissan a Strategic Edge 526

HR in Small Business: Is Translating a Global Business? 527

Notes 528

Glossary 530

Credits 540

Name and Company Index 541

Subject Index 555

Labor-Management Cooperation 485 Nonunion Representation Systems 486


Free Ride or Free Speech? 487

Summary 487

Key Terms 489

Review and Discussion Questions 489

Taking Responsibility: The SEIU’s “Fight for 15” Campaign 490

Managing Talent: Volkswagen Wants the United Auto Workers 490

HR in Small Business: Republic Gets Serious 491

Notes 492

16 Managing Human Resources Globally Introduction 495

HRM in a Global Environment 496 Employees in an International Workforce 497 Employers in the Global Marketplace 498

Factors Affecting HRM in International Markets 499 Culture 499


Cross-Cultural Management Mishaps 502

Education and Skill Levels 503 Economic System 503 Political-Legal System 504

Human Resource Planning in a Global Economy 504


Supporting a Multinational Strategy 505

Selecting Employees in a Global Labor Market 506

Training and Developing a Global Workforce 507 Training Programs for an International Workforce 507 Cross-Cultural Preparation 508


Standard Chartered Bank Invests in Its Expatriates 509

The Human Resource Environment


Managing Human Resources

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Scholary Essays
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Since I will be needing assistance from your Team, please do not block me from editing the paper. The entire did an awesome job on last semester and I never once encountered a situation as such. Thank you for your assistance and I look forward to working with the Team for the next 7 weeks of the semester.
Customer 452919, January 15th, 2022
The presentation slides were not narrated as asked per the instructions.
Customer 452623, September 28th, 2021
Thank you so much. Your Team is the greatest!
Customer 452919, May 3rd, 2022
I have never experienced receiving a paper past the due date and time. That is the only thing that displeases. I don't have time o Overall, your team does a great job.
Customer 452919, November 18th, 2021
Thank you, this is an 8-week course, so I will be needing your assistance.
Customer 452919, January 20th, 2023
Thank you!
Customer 452919, April 26th, 2022
Very good service
Customer 453075, April 27th, 2022
Thanks to the entire team!
Customer 452919, December 8th, 2021
Great Job !!
Customer 453117, September 17th, 2022
Fabulous fast service
Customer 453075, April 21st, 2022
Thanks to the entire Team of Solutions.
Customer 452919, March 29th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Thank you for your time and help. I was concerned that I would not make my deadline due to a family emergency, and you guys came through in the clutch. you are appreciated and i will be letting friends and family know of my experience here.
Customer 453045, February 24th, 2022
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code ESSAYHELP