Culture And Communication Essay1

Culture And Communication Essay

Culture and Communication essay with a quick turn around time. Using material listed from the class

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

1) Explain two points detailing why it is so important to be aware of culture when thinking about communication, utilizing Bevan.

The first element requires that you get to the heart of the paper and think through the question of “why even care about culture when studying communication?”  If you answer that question, you will begin to think through the importance of culture.  If you think back to last week, when we defined communication, Bevan (2020) stated it is “a process where two or more individuals strive to create shared meaning using verbal and nonverbal messages in a variety of contexts” (Section 1.1. Para. 2).  So, in addition to communication being a “process,” it is about creating some “shared” meaning.  Many times, this shared meaning is already there, and we are simply affirming meaning and sustaining relationships.  But regardless, communication is fundamentally a social activity and so is culture.  Note any similarities you see in the definition of communication here and Bevan’s definition of culture. 

Culture And Communication Essay

Also, consider these questions – Is communication possible without culture?  Is culture possible without communication?  If you answer no to both questions, this might help you to start thinking through why it is important to think about culture when addressing communication.

2) Explain how culture shapes verbal and nonverbal communication, utilizing Bevan.

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

We know that culture and communication are fundamentally linked.  Now, to get to the precision of the relationship, you are asked here to explain HOW culture shapes verbal and nonverbal communication.  Think about your own life.  Have your parents ever told you to sit still while in church or to close your mouth while you eat?  How are these nonverbal cues that are being shaped through culture and verbal messages?  The best replies will both explain “how” culture shapes verbal and nonverbal communication but also explain examples about how this transfers to specific patterns of communication (e.g., driving on the right side of the road). 

3) Describe the relationship between culture and two other themes that are central to culture from this list, utilizing Bevan:

  • Gender (Chapters 2 and 3)
  • High versus low context cultures (Chapter 3)
  • Dominant cultures versus co-cultures (Chapter 3)
  • Individualism and collectivism (Chapter 3)
  • Perceptual filters (Chapter 3)

Each of these themes is central to communication and Bevan covers each in detail in chapter three.  I suggest that you choose the two that you find most interesting and important and then detailing why you believe this.  Remember, you are required to comment on the “relationship” between culture and one of the themes, so try to focus on that.  And, once again, it is wise to begin with some fundamental definitions.

Here are some questions to answer to deepen your analysis of each theme:  How do our gender classifications of others as a man or a woman establish expectations for communication behavior?  How do low-context and high-context cultures set up different expectations for how much information is overtly shared with others?  Are you part of both the dominant culture and some co-culture?  It is possible to not be a part of some co-culture?  How might individualism versus collectivism shape specific patterns of communication?  How does culture train us in terms of our perceptual filters?  Part of perception is simply what we pay attention to.  How does culture teach us this through verbal and nonverbal cues?

4) Explain how paying attention to culture can help a person improve as a communicator, utilizing Bevan and, if you choose, one of the supplemental videos you watched.

Culture And Communication Essay

Based on what you have learned this week on culture, how can this information be useful for someone in their daily life as a communicator?  Will cultural knowledge about the “norms” of others help us make sense of them and their behavior?  For instance, in America it is very common to smile at strangers.  But in Russia, it is considered strange, if not rude (Khazan, 2016).  In fact, there is even a Russian proverb that says, “laughing for no reason is a sign of stupidity.”  Extending this out, when asked to assess pictures of people with smiles and without, those in some countries assessed them as intelligent, while others judged them as significantly less intelligence.  And in many countries, smiling is associated with dishonesty, so we must understand how our nonverbal cues might be interpreted!

When they hosted the World Cup in 2018, Russian locals were trained to smile, to make tourist more comfortable (Dawson, 2018).  They were acting on this cultural knowledge to try to strategically welcome foreigners to their land.  Therefore, there are strategic reasons to be aware of cultural differences and perhaps adjust ours to meet various goals.  Russians wanted the tourists to be comfortable, spend money, and host other international events in the future, so they attempted to change patterns of nonverbal communication, perhaps just in the short term. When you do this segment of your paper, see if you can come up with other anecdotes to shine light on this topic.

Finally, note that there are many supplemental videos in the resources box.  If you find it easier to learn through watching and listening, rather than reading, I especially recommend that you watch some of the videos.

Good luck everyone, and feel free to email me with any questions.

Instructor P /


Bevan, J. L. (2020). Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication (3rd ed.). (Links to an external site.)

Dawson, A.  (2018, June 11).  Russian workers re undergoing training to learn how to smile ahead of the World Cup. Business Insider.

Khazan, O. (2016, May 27).  Why some cultures frown on smiling: Finally, an explanation for Bitchy Resting Face Nation.  The Atlantic. (Links to an external site.)

Source: AU Prof. Cheri Ketchum

This announcement is closed for comments 

Hi everyone,

When we assess your discussion posts and papers, we are looking for evidence that you can explain key terms, engage with experts on the topic, and apply what you’ve learned to some real-world situation. We describe each term and how to accomplish each of these goals below.

Explaining :

In all discussion forums and papers, you will be required to “explain” some concept, idea, or topic. To do a good job, you want to go beyond simply copying and pasting a quote. If you do that, you are demonstrating that you can identify the section of Bevan that covers that content. But you are not offering your own independent “explanation” of an idea. Here is an example of someone “explaining” self-concept well:

Self-concept involves how we “conceptualize” ourselves at any given time. Bevan (2020) says that our ideas of self are influenced by four factors: how we compare ourselves to others, the cultural norms we embrace, how we think others “see” us (e.g. the “looking glass self”) and self-fulfilling prophecies.   Though it is something “inside” our minds (intrapersonal communication), it is always influenced by our communicative interactions with others and assumptions about the meanings of those interactions. Therefore, interpersonal communication is central to how we think of ourselves.

Here we see the concept of self-concept is explained by pointing to the four factors that are central to the formation of the idea of self and the explanation touches on how our ideas of self are formed through our interpersonal and intrapersonal communication.


When we “engage” with a reading or video, we demonstrate that we are actively thinking through their ideas and trying to make sense of their points and the significance of those themes. In the last two sentences of the example above, you see the person is really thinking through both the meaning of self-concept and its significance. They are engaging with the content. Engaging will almost always involve explaining someone’s else’s ideas and then extending on those points and sharing examples to illustrate both meaning and significance.

For the forums specifically, instructors will be looking at how well you “engage” with the required reading and/or videos and how you engage with your classmates in the forums. We will assess you on whether you have mentioned something you have learned in class, and need to see citations to confirm this. Then, we will look to see how well you engage with students about something they have said. This shows that you are trying to meaningfully interact with the student and learn from each other through the exchange.

Applying :

To “apply” what you’ve learned, it is important to share something that illustrates that you understand what is being discussed. So, above, by saying “Though it is something “inside” our minds (intrapersonal communication), it is always influenced by our communicative interactions with others and assumptions about the meanings of those interactions,” the person is starting to think through how this notion of self-concept works in the world. Our daily ideas of ourselves are influenced by the exchanges we have with others. To solidify this, the person could add something such as “When a co-worker tells me that they enjoyed my PowerPoint presentation, this boosts my ability to say to myself ‘I am good at PowerPoint presentations.” If I hear this enough, I stretch this out more into the identity marker “I am good at my job” or “I am a good worker.” Both of those start to get more fundamental claims about ourselves, as they are broader and more permanent ideas of self.

Okay. We hope this helps you gain a better understanding of what we look for you when we are assessing your papers and discussions.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism involves using other people’s words without giving them proper credit. In this class, giving proper credit means using full APA citations in the body of your paper or discussion post and in your papers. If you use someone’s ideas, you must include a citation – (Bevan, 2020). If you use someone’s words, you must encase the words in quotation marks and leave the citation. Remember, the reader assumes all your work is your own words unless otherwise indicated by the use of quotation marks. If you use four or more words from a source, be sure to use quotation marks, or it could be deemed a form of plagiarism. This can result in you receiving a zero on the assignment and could even result in failing the class. Avoid using websites such as coursehero, as they sell papers that have been produced by other students and can result in you plagiarizing other people’s work.

Identifying when plagiarism has occurred:

Here is a resource to help you identify when plagiarism has occurred:

Paraphrase instead of relying on quotes:

When students are uncomfortable with their knowledge, they often rely on quotes. However, quotes don’t really show that your understanding of the content and often leads to instances of plagiarism. Here is a resource to help you to paraphrase:

Avoiding Plagiarism:

This resource offers some advice on how to avoid plagiarizing:


Below are instructions for running your paper for an “originality report.” Instructors use this same tool to check your work for plagiarism. We advise that you do this to ensure your work does not have any issues.

You will want to ensure that your paper is as close to a 0% match as possible.  If you have properly cited all of your sources and used quotation marks properly, you will have a very low score.

Week 2 Paper Video Resources

Below are some videos that offer additional information about each theme you can cover for the week 2 paper. The videos will give you useful material you can integrate into this paper.

Verbal Communication – Language. There are two video options for this one.

1) Language and Thought:

Boroditsky, B. (2017, November). How language shapes the way we think. TEDWomen. Retrieved July 14, 2019 from

Description: This video explores the ways language shapes patterns of thinking, from assigning blame to categorizing color. Cognitive scientist Lera Borowotski explains that thought is likely impossible without language and it structures our sense of reality. As you watch, think about the links between language and values, traditions, and norms.

2) Linguistic prejudice:

Lieberman, M. (2014, November 12). Sociolinguistics and dialects. The Ling Space. Retrieved August 20, 2019 from

Description: Linguist Moti Lieberman explains the idea of dialects and contends that all are equal, from a scientific position. However, through class, age, region, religion, or other factors, some can frame theirs as superior or “proper,” while others are not (a type of prejudice). This is true of African American Vernacular English specifically. As you watch, think about whether one should be strategic about how they speak in different contexts to achieve their goals.

Nonverbal communication

Riccardi, P. (2014, October 21). Cross cultural communication. TED X – Bergen. Retrieved July 14, 2019 from

Description: An Italian who lived in England and then moved to Norway discusses the many cultural differences he has witnessed. As you watch, focus on the ways he addresses nonverbal cues specifically.

Perceptual Filters

Tero Trainers. (2016, November 8). What is the difference between a high-context and low-context culture. Retrieved September 30, 2019 from

High/Low Context Cultures

Interfacet Training. (2010, June 18). Cultural dimension: me or we. Retrieved September 30, 2019 from

Gender: There are four video options to learn more about communication and gender.

1) Gender and Credibility

Chemaly, S. (2015, July 28). The credibility gap: How sexism shapes human knowledge. TEDx: Barcelona Women. Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Description: Professor Soraya Chemaly argues that sexism structures the world. As you watch, consider the ways implicit bias might be linked to biased language. Focus on the verbal and nonverbal elements and how culture structures both our ideas, knowledge, and our lives. Think about the idea of credibility specifically and how this is linked to the principles of effective communication addressed in week 1. This leads to different experiences for women or men.

2) Gender, communication, and the brain

Scott, S. (2014, July 31). Men, women and language – a story of human speech. TED: UCL Women. Retrieved March 18, 2019 from

Description: Neuroscientist Sophie Scott disputes many of the claims others have made about how gender impacts patterns of communication. After discussing the complex process for even making language, Scott explains that we all use conversation as a type of “social grooming” and that men and women do it equally.

3) Gender and Different Styles

Nelson, A. (2014, April 30). A paradigm for understanding how men and women communicate. Retrieved August 21, 2019 from

Description: Communication specialist Audrey Nelson addresses discusses some basic differences between men and women speaking patterns and how we should process these different forms of communication. Specifically, she outlines how women tend to be more indirect and men more direct, that men are more goal-oriented and women more process—oriented, men are more content-oriented and women are more feeling-oriented, and men are more self-oriented and women more other-oriented. Think of how these are connected to Bevan’s points.

4) Learning gendered communication at a young age

Tannen, D. (2013, December 27). Gender-specific language rituals. Retrieved July 14, 2019 from

Description: Here, psychologist Deborah Tannen talks about some of her ideas about how children learn patterns of communication covered in Bevan. As you watch, think about whether her key points still stand in the 21st century.

Race and Ethnicity:Like it or not, one of the primary ways we classify ourselves and others is through race and ethnicity. If you choose this option, you will address how race and ethnicity influences our primary and secondary identity and how this in-turn influences patterns of communication. There are two video options you can choose from:

1) Racial Literacy:

Volchi, P. & Guo, W. (2017, November). What it takes to be racially literate. TEDWomen. Retrieved July 14, 2019 from

Description: Here, two high school students, Priya Vulchi and Winona Guo report on that race means and how we need to develop what they call racial literacy. Two important things are the value of effective interpersonal conversations and self-control.

2) Focusing on similarity over difference:

Nimenya, S. (2016). We are not all that different: Race and culture identity. Retrieved August 26, 2019 from

Description: Activist Seconde Nimenya addresses the idea of “difference” specifically, and how it intersects with race and ethnicity, especially in the United States. She chooses being better over being “bitter.” This allowed her to try to create bridges between cultures. Pay close attention to what she has to say about the idea of “difference” and how the cultural training we receive that focuses on difference can lead to stereotypes and biases. She shares three strategies for how we can use to celebrate difference as a value to achieve tolerance and peace.

Social class

On being tribes:

Alvarez, L. & Kolker, A. (2001, September 23). Episode One: A nation of tribes. People like us. The Center for New American Media, WETA, and Independent Television Series. Retrieved July 14, 2019 from

Description: In the United States, most people envision that we are classless or that almost everyone is “middle class.” But social class does exist and is not just based on income we make, but also influences how we speak, how we move, where we live, media use patterns, the products we purchase, and hobbies we enjoy. Here we learn how social class subtly divides us into “tribes” and unites us within those units as well. When you watch, think about the role of both verbal and nonverbal cues in this classification system and the ways people talk about others.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Scholary Essays
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Paper was received before time which I was quite please with.
Customer 453101, June 18th, 2022
Business Studies
The writer delivered as on time with quality work. But writteres communication could of been better and I would have been more content with choosing my own writer as per my assignment.
Customer 452679, March 24th, 2021
Fabulous fast service
Customer 453075, April 21st, 2022
Thank you so much!! Very much appreciated!
Customer 452717, April 20th, 2021
Thank you
Customer 452919, March 23rd, 2022
Always excellent service, appreciate all the hard work
Customer 452995, January 20th, 2022
Thank you very much! I will be using your service again soon.
Customer 452665, March 18th, 2021
I enjoyed the writer's work. Please send the writer's ID. The paper was available ahead of the due date and numbered each question to ensure mee that it was covered. AWESOME WORK!
Customer 452919, April 20th, 2022
Thank you!
Customer 452919, April 26th, 2022
Political science
Great paper
Customer 452863, September 11th, 2021
Thank you so much. Your Team is the greatest!
Customer 452919, May 3rd, 2022
Thank you, the journal wa submitted today and I hope to continue receiving services.
Customer 452919, October 28th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code ESSAYHELP